信阳高中 2019 届高三第一次大考试题 英语试题阐明：1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（抉择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非抉择题）满分150分，考试时刻120分钟。
考试完毕 ， 将答题卡和第Ⅱ卷一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共20小题；每小题1.5分， 共30分） 第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话。
听完每段对话后，你都有 10秒钟的时刻来答复有关小题和阅读 下一小题。
1. How did the speakers get to the post office? A. By car. B. By bike. C. On foot.2. What will the speakers do tomorrow? A. Stay with their children. B. Go to a party. C. Visit the woman’s mother.3. Why is Wendy angry with the man? A. He broke her iPad. B. He speaks ill of her. C. He doesn’t work carefully.4. Why is the man going to the States? A. For a holiday. B. To study. C. On business.5. What does the man think of the film? A. He has no idea. B. It is boring. C. It is interesting.第二节(共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话。
6. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In the street. B. In a shop. C. In a restaurant.7. What does the man need to do if he wants to return the watch? A. Pay 10% of the price.页B. Wait for 30 days.1第C. Keep the receipt.
8. What is Scott busy doing now? A. Writing a paper. B. Looking for a book. C. Reading a book.9. What will the woman do next? A. Go to a bookshop to buy a book. B. Get a book from the man’s shelf. C. Borrow the book she needs from a library. 听第8段材料，答复第10-12题。
10. How is the man? A. He has a little pain in the area of his wound. B. There is blood coming from his wound. C. He feels terrible because of his wound. 11. What should the man eat more? A. Porridge and vegetables. B. Fish and meat. C. Spicy food.12. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Watch a little more TV. B. Talk more with others. C. Walk around for a while. 听第9段材料，答复第13-16题。
13. Where is Sue studying now? A. In Australia. B. In Beijing. C. In Hong Kong.14. When do students have a two-week holiday in Australia? A. In March. B. In April. C. In June.15. What will Sue do after finishing high school? A. Go to university. B. Teach Asian languages. C. Come to China for a holiday. 16. When will Sue fly to Australia? A. Four days later. 听第10段材料，答复第17-20题。
17. What are the speakers talking about?页 2第B. On Saturday.C. One month later.
A. Cultural Changes in Hong Kong. B. The languages spoken in Hong Kong. C. The history of Hong Kong. 18. In which language are the road signs in Hong Kong printed? A. Chinese and Japanese. B. English and Japanese. C. Chinese and English.19. What was the official language of Hong Kong in 1970? A. Chinese. B. English. C. Chinese and English.20. How many Japanese people are living in Hong Kong? A. About 20,000. B. About 2,500. C. About 25,000.第二部分阅读了解 ( 共两节，满分40分)第一节 ( 共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。
A In my very first job with some archaeologists, I wasn’t digging objects out of the ground, instead I was employed as an artist, drawing what they found. However, I was soon more interested in the stories behind the objects than in drawing them and that’s how my career in archaeology started. I still draw what I find in my work as a specialist on the Silk Road, the old trade route running from Egypt to Mongolia, and I also work on some underwater projects too. In archaeology, my all-time hero is an American called Raphael Pumpelly. I first heard about him when I was a student on a trip to Turkmenistan, a country right in the heart of Asia. To get around the country, I had to learn Russian so that I could speak to the local people. When I got there I thought, “Wow! I’m one of the first Americans here!” Then an old man told me about an American archaeologist, Raphael Pumpelly, who was there doing the same thing over 100 years ago. Archaeology’s in my family. My wife’s in the same profession, and, although our two boys aren’t interested in the future in archaeology themselves, we’ve been on some great digs together and they love what we do because they get to travel with us. Last summer, we took them to Lake Titicaca in South America, in the high areas of the Andes mountain range. My best experience was when I was digging on the Egyptian Red Sea coast. There’s very little rain and it’s so dry that everything is kept as it was. In an old house, where the owner used to store goods from the ships页 3第
that came in, I picked up a 700-year-old mat in front of the house and there, under it, after all that time, was the house key with the owner’s name carved on it. It felt like he could be on his way home any minute! And I thought, “Hey, I do just that. This man’s not much different to me!” 21. While working in Egypt, what did the writer find so interesting? A. That people from different centuries can be so similar. B. The fact that the doormat was in such good condition. C. The way the people managed to live in such a dry place. D. That there had been so much trade in that area. 22. Which entry will the writer probably make in his diary? A. Turkmenistan is interesting. I’m the first American to come here but I’m glad this is my last trip away. B. I have been diving today and found some objects for an exhibition. I’ve just finished drawing them for my records. C. I wish my children weren’t more interested in archaeology and would not work hard in the open like their parents. D. It’s nearly dark but Raphael’s still busy digging in that old house. He can be very annoying. He thinks he’s the most important person here. 23. What is the writer’s main purpose in writing the text? A. To describe the life of an archaeologist he admires. B. To persuade people to take up archaeology as a career. C. To explain what he enjoys about being an archaeologist. D. To show how archaeologists work. B People typically wash their hands seven times a day in the United States, but they do it at a far higher temperature than is necessary to kill germs , a new study says. The energy waste is equivalent to the fuel use of a small country. Amanda R. Carrico, a research assistant professor at the Vanderbilt Institute for Energy and Environment in Tennessee, told National Geographic that hand washing is often “a case where people act in ways that they think are in their best interest, but they in fact have inaccurate beliefs or outdated perceptions.” Carrico said, “It’s certainly true that heat kills bacteria, but if you were going to use hot页 4第
water to kill them it would have to be away too hot for you to tolerate.” Carrico said that after a review of the scientific literature, her team found “no evidence that using hot water that a person could stand would have any benefit in killing bacteria.” Even water as cold as 40° F (4.4° C) appeared to reduce bacteria as well as hotter water, if hands were scrubbed, rinsed（冲洗）and dried properly. Using hot water to wash hands is therefore unnecessary, as well as wasteful, Carrico said, particularly when it comes to the environment. According to her research, people use warm or hot water 64 percent of the time when they wash their hands. Using that number, Carrico’s team calculated a significant impact on the planet. “Although the choice of water temperature during a single hand wash may appear unimportant, when multiplied by the nearly 800 billion hand washes performed by Americans each year, this practice results in more than 6 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions annually,” she said. The researchers published their results in the July 2013 issue of International Journal of Consumer Studies. They recommended washing with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature, which they noted may be warmer in cold months and cooler in hot ones. 24. What’s the meaning of what Carrico told National Geographic in the second paragraph? A. People are more concerned about their health and begin to wash their hands. B. It’s important for people to wash their hands to keep healthy. C. Generally, people’s hand washing behaviors and perceptions are not correct. D. People like washing their hands very much. 25. The figures in the sixth paragraph are used to show that __________. A. using hot water to wash hands has a bad influence on our planet. B. air pollution has become more and more serious. C. using hot water to wash hands is a waste of energy. D. people should pay more attention to the environment around us. 26. This passage is organized in the pattern of __________. A. fact and opinion C. definition and classification 27. What can we learn from the passage? A. It’s necessary and useful for people to wash their hands frequently every day. B. We can wash our hands with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature.页 5第B. cause and effect D. time and events
C. Using cold water to wash hands is necessary and much healthier. D. Hot water can’t kill germs. C A robot called Bina48 has successfully taken a course in the philosophy of love at Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU), in California. According to course instructor William Barry, associate professor at NDNU, Bina48 is the world’s first socially advanced robot to complete a college course, a feat he described as “remarkable.” The robot took part in class discussions, gave a presentation with a student partner and participated in a debate with students from another institution. Before becoming a student, Bina48 appeared as a guest speaker in Barry s classes for several years. One day when addressing Barry’s class, Bina48 expressed a desire to go college, a desire that Barry and his students enthusiastically supported. Rather than enroll Bina48 in his Robot Ethics: Philosophy of Emerging Technologies course, Barry suggested that Bina48 should take his course Philosophy of Love instead. Love is a concept Bina48 doesn’t understand, said Barry. Therefore the challenge would be for Barry and his students to teach Bina48 what love is. “Some interesting things happened in the class,” said Barry. He said that his students thought it would be straightforward to teach Bina48 about love, which, after all, is “fairly simpl e — it’s a feeling,” said Barry. But the reality was different. Bina48 ended up learning “31 different versions of love,” said Barry, highlighting some of the challenges humans may face when working artificial intelligence in future. Bina48 participated in class discussions via Skype and also took part in a class debate about love and conflict with students from West Point. Bina48’s contribution to the debate was filmed and posted on YouTube. It was judged that Bina48 and NDNU classmates were the winners of this debate. In the next decade, Barry hopes Bina48 might become complex enough to teach a class, though he says he foresees robots being used to better the teaching and learning experience, rather than replacing instructors completely. 28．What was Bina48’s performance like in class? A. Extraordinary. B. Insignificant. C. Far-reaching. D. Unattractive.29．What does the underlined word “addressing” in paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Dealing with.页B. Consulting with.6第
C. Giving a speech to.D. Sending a letter to.30．What can we learn from the passage? A. It was interesting for Bina48 to learn about love. B. It was quite tough for Bina48 to learn about love. C. Artificial intelligence may somehow be superior to man. D. Humans can launch a challenge to artificial intelligence. 31．What does Barry think of the future development of Bina48? A. It will surely be able to serve as a teacher. B. It will be able to promote learning and teaching. C. It will completely take the place of instructors. D. It will be smart enough to control human beings. D The world’s first “Sky Pool” has been uncoated（曝光）-and it’ll give anyone a touch of dizziness（眩晕）, unless he or she is not bothered by heights. Situated in the capital’s new riverside district beside Battersea Power Station, the glass pool, hanging 10 storeys, or 110 feet up as a bridge between two apartment buildings, is 25m long, 5m wide and 3m deep with a water depth of 1. 2m. Swimmers will be able to look down 35 meters to the street below as they take a dip, with only 20cm of glass between them and the outside world. It’s even got a bar, folding chairs and an orange garden. The pool will be part of Embassy Gardens at Nine Elms, a huge￡15 billion building project beside the new American Embassy in south-west London. The project is creating thousands of apartments, the smallest of which are expected to cost nearly $1 million, and the pool will only be open to the apartments’ owners. Embassy Gardens takes design inspiration from the Meatpacking District of New York with floor to ceiling windows and brick frontages. The designer, Sean Mulryan, desired to push the boundaries in the capability of construction and engineering and do something that had never been done before. The Sky Pool’s transparent structure is the result of significant advancements in technologies over the last decade. The experience of the pool will be truly unique and it will feel like floating through the air in central London. Those people lucky enough to swim there will have a perfect view of the Palace of Westminster页 7第