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人教版英语八年级上册第一单元unit1 词组句型作文知识点整理
人教版英语八年级上册第一单元unit1 词组句型作文知识点整理


There is nothing wrong with the TV. Everybody likes reading. 短语搭配: (2)some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中; 1. buy sth for ab./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物 any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句中。

2. taste + adj. 尝起来…… 但 some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。

3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有 Someone is calling me. There isn‟t anyone else there. 4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来 Is anybody over there? Could you give me something to eat? 5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地 (3)形容词修饰不定代词时要后置。

6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 There is something delicious on the table. 7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事 巩固练习 8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 ①. I can‟t hear anything = I can hear _________. 9. want to do sth. 想去做某事 ②. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up. 10. start doing sth. 开始做某事 ③ . No one ________ how to do it. A. know B. knows C. knowing D. 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 knew 12. look + adj 看起来 ④ . There‟s ________in the newspaper. You should read it. 13. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 A. important something B. something boring C. boring something 14. Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢? D. something important. 15. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于…… 2.arrive in 到达+大地方(国家省市) 16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事 arrive at 到达+小地方(机场 商店等) 17. keep doing sth. 继续做某事 get to 到达+地方 reach 到达+地方 18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 练习: 重难点精练 The Smiths_____ New York at 8:00 last night. 1.复合不定代词或副词的构成及用法 A.arrived at B. got to C.reach D.arrived 构成:由 some, any, no, every 分别加上-body, -thing, -one 构成的不定 3. try to do sth.意为______________; 代词叫做合成不定代词;加上-where 构成副词。

try doing sth. 意为________________ 用法: We shouldn‟t try _______(study) English, we should try ________(study)Unit1Where did you go on vacation?

English. 4.I felt like I was a bird.(翻译)_______ _________________________. feel like 意为_____后常接_____.另外 feel like 还意为_____ Do you feel like a cup of tea? 5.I wonder what life was like here in the past.(翻译)_____________ wonder 为及物动词,意为“想知道”,后常接疑问词(who, what, why) 引导的从句。

I wonder _____ you are doing.(我想知道你正在做什么。

) 6.________为太多,后接可数名词复数; ________+不可数名词(money); ________为太…后接形容词或副词(big)Unit 2 How often do you exercise?惯用法: 1. help sb. with sth 帮助某人做某事 2. How about…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好? 3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事 4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有多少….. 5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 …发现… 6. It‟s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的 7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光 8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事 9. by doing sth. 通过做某事 10. What‟s your favorite…..? 你最喜欢的……是什么? 11 start doing sth. 开始做某事 12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式语法: 1. how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。

回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。

How often do you play sports? Three times a week. 2. how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler? how far 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。

How far is it from here to the park? It‟s about 2 kilometers. 3. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当 于 have time. I‟ll be free next week. = I‟ll have time next week. 还可作“免费的、自由的”解。

be free to do sth. 自由地做某事。

The tickets are free. You‟re free to go or to stay. 4. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪, 有点想不 通; 可单独使用, 也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn‟t come to the party? = Why didn‟t Tom come to the party? 5. stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。

Don‟t stay up late next time. stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。

He stayed up all night to write his story. 6. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。

I went to bed at eleven last night. go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。

She was so tired that she went to sleep soon. 7. find + 宾语 +名词,

发现: We have found him (to be) a good boy. find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty. find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door. 8. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主 语时,根据所修饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。

Forty percent of the students in our class are girls. Thirty percent of time passed. 9. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考查 两者的同义替换。

反义词组为:less than. Eg: I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years. 8. afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前 作定语。

I‟m afraid we can‟t come here on time. be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; Some children are afraid of the dark. be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事。

Don‟t be afraid of asking question. I‟m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心: I‟m afraid I have to go now. 9. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别: sometimes 频度副词, 有时。

表示动作发生的不经常性,多与一般现 在时连用,可位于句首、句中或句末。

Sometimes I get up very early. ------How often do you get up? sometime 副词,某个时候。

表示不确切或不具体的时间,常用于过去时或将来时,对它用疑问词 when. I will go to Shanghai sometime next week. ------When will you go to Shanghai next week? some times 名词词组, 几次,几倍。

其中 time 是可数名词,对它提 问用 how many times. I have read the story some times. -------How many times have you read the story? some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时, 句中谓语动词常 为延续性动词,提问时用 How long. I „ll stay here for some time. -----How long will you stay here? 10. hardly ever 几乎从不 hardly ever 相当于 hardly, ever 起强调 作用。

hardly 为副词,意为“几乎不没有)”,相当于 almost not,本身具有否 定含义,不能再使用其他否定词。

E.g. She hardly eats anything. 辨析: hardly 和 hard hard 作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”; hard 作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。

hardly 意为“几乎不” (1) The ground is too to dig (2) I can understand them. (3) It's raining ,the people can go outside. 3. ----How often do you watch TV? ----Twice a week. (1) how often 意为“多久一次,多长时间一次”,用来提问频率。

(2) twice a week 一周两次 拓展: 一次 once 两次 twice

三次或三次以上 基数词+ times three times four times 11 . maybe 副词,意为“或许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。

E.g. Maybe he knows the way to the park. 辨析:maybe 与 may be maybe 副词, 作状语, 意为“或许, 大概, 可能”, 常位于句首。

be 属于“情态动词+be 动词”结构,意为“可能是”。

(1) The baby is crying, maybe she is hungry. (2) The woman may be a teacher . (1) It’s +adj.+to do sth 做某事„„的 E.g. It‟s very easy to learn English well. (2) by doing sth. 通过做某事 (3) the best way to do sth. is 做某事的最好方式 13. It is healthy for the mind and the body. 这有益于身心健康。

stay healthy = keep healthy = keep in good health 保持健康Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister短语用法: 1. have fun doing sth. 享受做某事的乐趣 2. want to do sth. 想要做某事 3. as + 形容词或副词的原级 + as 与…一样… 4. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事 5. make sb. Do sth. 让某人做某事 6. It‟s+ 形容词 + for sb. To do sth.. 对某人来说做某事是…的 词语辨析: 1. laugh v. & n. 笑We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。

/不要高兴得 may 太早。

Laugh 与 at 连用 嘲笑(动词) Don‟t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所 讲的故事。

Laugh 笑;笑声 (名词) We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

2. though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。

Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。

注意:不能受汉语的影响,在 though 引导的从句后使用 but。

如: Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误) though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。

Jim said that he would come, he didn‟t , though. 1. Tara works as hard as Tina. 塔拉学习和蒂娜一样努力。

3. as...as 意为“与……一样……”, as...as 中间接形容词或副词的原级。

其否定结构 not as/so...as 意为“不如……”。

E.g. He is as tall as his father. 他和他爸爸一样高。

Tom gets up as early as Jim. 汤姆起得和吉姆一样早。

Lucy isn‟t as outgoing as Mary. 露西不如玛丽外向。

注意:(1) 其否定式为 not as/so +adj./adv. +as。

短语: E.g. This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think. so far 到目前为止,迄今为止 no problem 没什么,别客气 (2) 若有修饰成分,如 twice, three times, half, a quarter 等,则须置于 have….in common 有相同特征(想法、兴趣等方面)相同 第一个 as 之前。

be up to 是….的职责 all kinds of ….. 各种各样的…… E.g. Your bag is twice as expensive as mine. 你的包比我的贵一倍。

play a role 发挥作用,有影响 make up 编造(故事、谎言等) 4. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though. 不过,你能看得 for example 例如 take …..seriously 认真对待 、 】 出来,丽萨确实想赢。

not everybody 并不是每个人 close to 离….近 win 此处用作不及物动词,意为“赢;获胜”; more and more 越来越…… win 还可用作及物动词,意为“赢得;在……中获胜”,此时其后的 形容词副词的比较级练习 宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。

用括号里的词的适当形式填空 E.g. He won the first prize. Who won the race? 1. We went to the __________(bad) restaurant in town last night. The menu 辨析:win 与 beat had only 10dishes and the service was not good at all. ① win 表示“赢得;获胜”,用作及物动词时,其宾语为比赛的项目、2. Blue Moon is ______________(good), but Miler‟s is 奖品或战争等。

E.g. We won the basketball game. _____________(good ) in town. ②beat 表示“打赢;战胜”,用于比赛时,其宾语为所战胜的对手。

3. The Big Screen is _________________(expensive) than most cinemas, E.g. Li Lei beat all the runners in the 100-metre race. but Cinema City is ____________(expensive). 5. though 此处作副词,意为“不过;可是;然而”,通常用于句末, 4. Movie City has the __________ (bad) service, but we can sit 前面用逗号与句子隔开。

the_______________ (comfortably)there. E.g. Jim said that he would come; he didn‟t, though. 5. Johnny Dep acted the _________________(good) in that movie. He‟s 拓展:though 作连词,意为“虽然;尽管”,相当于 although。

much ____________(good) than other actors at finding the E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily. ________________(interesting) role. 注意:although/though 与 but 不能同时出现在一个句子中。

Unite 5 Do you want to a game show? E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily. =He has no money, but he lives very happily. 常用法: let sb. do sth. plan to do sth. Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater hope to do sth. happen to do sth.

expect to do sth. How about doing…… be ready to do sth. try one‟s best to do sth. 1.the other, the others, other, others,another 辨析 the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,可直接单 数名词或复数名词。

表示两个中的一个……另一个……时,常用 one …the other…。

例: He has two brothers, one is a teacher, the other is a doctor. There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys. the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是 the other 的复数 形式, 相当于 the other+复数名词。

the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名 词单数。

例: You two stay here, the others go with me. I‟m different from Jeff because I‟m louder than the other kids (any other kid) in my class. other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。

例: We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects. others 作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。

例: Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly. another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修 饰单数可数名词。

例: I don‟t like this one. Please show me another one. 2.happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday. Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事An accident happened on Park Street. happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式 to,表示“碰 巧……”. Sb + happens to do sth. I happened to see my uncle on the street. 3. take place 意为“发生, 举行, 举办”, 一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”, 即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。

例: Great changes have taken place in China. The meeting will take place next Friday. 4. expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构: 1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。

I‟m expecting Li Lin‟s letter. 2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事 Lily expects to come back next week. 3)expect sb. to do sth. I expect my mother to come back early. 4)expect + 从句 预计…… I expected that I‟ll come back next Monday. 5.. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。

He is a serious man. be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真 Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her. be serious about doing sth. 对某事当 He‟s serious about selling his house.Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

短语: grow up every day be sure about make sure send…to… be able to the meaning of different kinds of the meaning of in common at the beginning of write down have to do with take up hardly ever too…to… 短语用法: want to do sth. be going to + 动词原形 practice doing sth. keep on doing sth. learn to do sth. finish doing sth promise to do sth. help sb. to do sth. remember to do sth. agree to do sth. love to do sth.be going to 的用法1) be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。

常与 表示将来的 tomorrow, next year 等时间状语或 when 引导的时间状 语从句连用。

各种句式变换都借助 be 动词完成, be 随主语有 am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。

He is going to take the bus there. 否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I‟m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他 肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I‟m not. 特殊疑问句: 1)疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他? What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends? 2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点 We are going to Beijing for a holiday. 3) 表示位置移动的动词,如 go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week. 4) be going to 与 will 的区别: ① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的 变化, 变否定句要在 will 后面加 not, 也可用 will 后面加 not,或者缩略 式 won‟t, 变一般疑问句将 will 提至 句首。

Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won‟t. ② will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而 be going to 指某事 肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。

I believe Lucy will be a great doctor. ③ 陈述将来的某个事实用 will. I will ten years old next year. ④ 表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will. I‟m tired I will go to bed. ⑤ 表示意愿用 will. I‟ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will. 常跟 v-ing 作宾语的动词有: I‟m going to buy a computer this month. 考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, ---Let‟s discuss the plan, shall we? pardon. ----Not now. I ______ to an interview. 承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy. A. go B. went C. am going D. was going 避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice. ------Jack is busy packing luggage. 否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate. ---Yes. He _________for America on vacation. 不禁介意与逃亡: can‟t help , mind, escape. A. leaves B. left C. is leaving D. has been away 不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine. 1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。

有三种结构: 4. everyday 与 every day 区别 1)promise to do sth. _____My mother promised to buy a piano for me. everyday adj. 每天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。

2)promise sb. sth. _____ My aunt promised me a bike. This is our everyday homework. 3)promise + that 从句_____ Tom promises that he can return on time. every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。

promise n. 允诺, 诺言 He reads books every day. Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise. Unit 7 Will people have robots? 2.when 与 while 的区别: when 表示“当…时候”,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时 用法: 间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性的也可以是延续性的。

When the will + 动词原形 将要做 teacher came in, the students were talking. less/more + 不可数名词 更少/更多 When she arrives, I‟ll call you. try to do sth. 尽力做某事 while 表示“当…时候”, 仅指一段时间, 从句中的动作必须是延续性的,have to do sth 不得不做某事 一般强调主从句的动作同时发生, while 还可以作并列连词,意为 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见 “ 而、却”,表示对比关系。

such + 名词(词组) 如此 Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano. play a part in doing sth 参与做某事 Tom is strong while his younger brother is week. make sb do sth 让某人做某事 3. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或 v-ing 作宾语。

help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room. There will be + 主语 + 其他 将会有….

There is/are + sb. + doing sth 有…正在做… seem + 名词 看起来。

It is + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth 做某事对某人来说…的 He seems a nice man. 词语辨析: seem like 好像,似乎。

1. every 与 each 的区别: It seemed like a good idea at the time. every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。

each 最低需是两,every 最低 seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。


every adj. I seem to have left my book at home. every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况 It seems/seemed that 看起来好像…, 似乎…. 用复数。

each adj./ pron. He was very happy. Every teacher knows her. seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。

There are lots of trees on each side of the road. She seems to be happy.= She seems happy. Each of the road has a dictionary. 5. probably ad. maybe 区别 2. on the earth 在地球上, 作地点状语, 位于句首或句末。

on earth 究 maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。

作状语. 竟,到底。


probably 用于句中,可能性最大。

He will probably come tomorrow. All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do maybe/perhaps 用于句首。

Maybe/Perhaps you are right. you mean? 6. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。

(区别) 3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人, 人类”, 有别于动物, 自然景物,说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用 during; 机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。

说到某事持续多久则用 for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用 in. person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday. people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。

I‟ve been here for two weeks. man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一 They usually leave school in July. 个男人”,复数形式为 men. 一般将来时结构: He was the only human on the island. 肯定式: There are only three persons in the room. 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 There are many people there. (will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称)。

Man is stronger than woman. 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。

有下面几种用法: be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。

否定式: 在 will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won‟t . 一般疑问句: 将 will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时: There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。

一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。

肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won‟t. 否定形式是:There won‟t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有…… 特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match? Traveling to space is no longer just a dream. Russia______the first hotel in space in the near future. A. builds B. will build C. built D. has built There ______ a football match on CCTV-5 at nine tomorrow evening. A. will have B. is going to be C . is having In 50 years there _______more robots in people‟s homes. A. were B. will have C. will be D. have --Will people live to be 300 years old? ---_________. A. No, they aren‟t B. No, they won‟t C. No, they don‟t D. No, they can‟t They ______any classes next week. A. will have B. won‟t have C. have D. hadUnit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?短语用法: How many + 可数名词复数 let sb. + do sth. How much + 不可数名词 want + to do sth.forget + to do sth. how + to do sth. There are many reasons for 一段时间 +ago by + doing sth. need + to do sth. make + 宾语 + 形容词 It‟s time(for sb) + to do sth First…Next…Then…Finally… 主谓一致判断法: 1. 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

2. 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

3. either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also..连接两个名词或代 词作主语时,谓语动词与邻近的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一 致。

4. 在 here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保 持一致。

词语辨析: 1. turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是 turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。

2. pour…into… 将…倒入/灌入… into 是:进入… in 是:在…内。

在 put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用 in,也可用 into。

但 in 可作副词,into 不能。

He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in! 3. 有关 make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶 make trouble 惹麻烦 make money 赚钱 make a decision 做决定 make a telephone call 打电话 make a visit 拜访 make a mistake 犯错误 make a noise 弄出噪音 make a living 谋生 make sure 务必

4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词 5. fill with 用…填充… be filled with = be full of 充满…. The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes. 6. cover…with… 用…把…覆盖 be covered with 被…所覆盖。

cover n. 封面,盖子。

Ann covered her face with her hands. / The cover of the magazine is nice. 7. It‟s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。

It‟s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?短语用法: invite sb. to do sth. What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)! What + 形容词 + 名词复数/不可数名词(+ 主语 + 谓语)! help sb. (to) do sth be sad to do sth. see sb to do sth / see sb doing sth the best way to do sth. have a surprise party for sb look forward to doing sth. reply to sth/sb. What‟s today? What‟s the date today? What day is it today?句型: Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? Sure, I‟d love to. / Sorry, I can‟t. I have to prepare for an exam. 词语辨析: 1. prepare 意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。

宾语是这一动作的 承受者。


prepare for sth. 为…准备好。

for 的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是 表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。

/ prepare to do sth 准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。


其后 也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready 意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。

准备常见结构有:① be ready(for sth.) ② get sth. ready ③ be ready(for sth) ④ be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事) We _____ the mid-term examination. Miss Li said, “Everyone should ______before class. 2. have the flu 患感冒 have a cold 感冒 have a cough 咳嗽 have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat 喉咙痛 have a headache 头痛 have a toothache 牙痛 3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处 hang on 紧紧抓住 hang about 闲荡 hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起 4. catch you = bye bye catch a cold 感冒 catch sb‟s eye 引起某人注意 catch the train 赶上火车

catch up with 赶上, ,跟上 catch hold of 抓住 3)成功办成某事 = succeed 5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。

accept 指主观上愿意接受, receive After years of hard work, he finally made it. 收到, 指客观上收到或拿到, 但主观上不一定会接受。

I received his gift 9. reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 yesterday, but I wouldn‟t like to accept it. reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。

1. turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大,调高 作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。

作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复, turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流 后跟介词 to . 2. help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 10. answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助人 及物和不及物动词。

help oneself to sth 随便吃 11. what 引导的感叹句结构: 3. at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, by the end of 到…末为止 What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语) ! in the end of 终于 What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语) ! 4. surprised 形容词,感到意外的, 主语是人 be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外 Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time! surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring. keep…to oneself talk to sb. surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one‟s surprise in life in the end 动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth. be angry at/about sth make mistakes 5. look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名 in the future run away 词作宾语。

the first step in half 6. hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb. solve a problem school clean-up hear of = hear about 听说 习惯用法: 7. make it 用法: ask sb. to do sth give sb sth. 1)在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; tell sb. to do sth too…to do sth you could make it. be afraid to do sth. advise sb to do sth 2)商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。

It‟s best (not)to do sth. need to do sth Let‟s make it at seven o‟clock on Tuesday.


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