2018年全国II卷英语真题打印版

 时间:2018-08-08 05:49:05 贡献者:enjoy20008

导读:2018 年全国普通高等学校统一考试(II) 英语试题第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给

2018年高考英语真题及参考答案(全国卷iii)
2018年高考英语真题及参考答案(全国卷iii)

2018 年全国普通高等学校统一考试(II) 英语试题第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。

每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。

听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。

每段对 话仅读一遍。

1. What does John find difficult in learning German? A. Pronunciation. B. Vocabulary. C. Grammar. 2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Brother and sister. C. Teacher and student. 3. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a bank. B. At a ticket office. C. On a train. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. A restaurant. B. A street. C. A dish. 5. What does the woman think of her interview? A. It was tough. B. It was interesting. C. It was successful. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。

每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。

听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。

每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. When will Judy go to a party? A. On Monday. B. On Tuesday. C. On Wednesday. 7. What will Max do next? A. Fly a kite. B. Read a magazine. C. Do his homework. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。

8. What does the man suggest doing at first? A. Going to a concert. B. Watching a movie. C. Playing a computer game. 9. What do the speakers decide to do? A. Visit Mike. B. Go boating. C. Take a walk. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. Which color do cats see better than humans? A. Red. B. Green. C. Blue. 11. Why do cats bring dead birds home? A. To eat them in a safe place. B. To show off their hunting skills. C. To make their owners happy.

12. How does the man sound at the end of the conversation? A. Grateful. B. Humorous. C. Curious. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。

13. Who is Macy? A. Ed’s mother. B. Ed’s teacher. C. Ed’s friend. 14. How does Ed usually go to kindergarten? A. By car. B. On foot. C. By bus. 15. What does Ed enjoy doing at the kindergarten? A. Telling stories. B. Sing songs. C. Playing with others. 16. What do the teachers say about Ed? A. He’s clever. B. He’s quiet. C. He’s brave. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

17. At what age did Emily start learning ballet? A. Five. B. Six. C. Nine. 18. Why did Emily move to Toronto? A. To work for a dance school. B. To perform at a dance theater. C. To learn contemporary dance. 19. Why did Emily quit dancing? A. She was too old to dance. B. She failed to get a scholarship. C. She lost interest in it. 20. How does Emily feel about stopping training? A. She’s pleased. B. She’s regretful. C. She’s upset. 第二部 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Summer Activities Students should read the list with their parents/carers, and select two activities they would like to do. Forms will be available in school and online for them to indicate their choices and return to school. Before choices are finalised, parents/ carers will be asked to sign to confirm their children’s choices. Activity Outdoor Adventure (OUT) Description Take yourself out of your comfort zone for a week, discover new personal qualities, and learn new skills. You will be able to take part in a number of activities from Member of staff Mr. Clemens Cost£140

WWⅠBattle fields and Paris (WBP)Crafty foxes (CRF)canoeing to wild camping on Dartmoor. Learn rock climbing and work as a team, and enjoy the great outdoor environment. On Monday we travel to London. After staying overnight in London, we travel on Day 2 to northern France to visit the World War Ⅰbattlefields. On day 3 we cross into Belgium. Thursday sees us make the short journey to Paris where we will visit Disneyland Paris park, staying until late to see the parade and the fireworks. Our final day, Friday, sees us visit central Paris and tour the main sights. Four days of product design centred around textiles. Making lovely objects using recycled and made materials. Bags, cushion and decorations… Learn skills and leave with modern and unusual textiles. Visit Warner Bros Studio, shop stop to buy picnic, stay overnight in an approved Youth Hostel in Streatly-on-Thames, guided tour of Oxford to see the film locations, picnic lunch outside Oxford's Christchurch, boating on the River Cherwell through the University Parks, before heading back to Exeter.Mrs. Wilson£425Mrs. Goode£30Potty about Potter (POT)Miss Drake£15021. Which activity will you choose if you want to go camping? A. OUT. B. WBP. C. CRF. D. POT. 22. What will the students do on Tuesday with Mrs. Wilson? A. Travel to London B. see a parade and fireworks. C. Tour central Paris. D. Visit the WWI battlefields. 23. How long does Potty about Potter last? A. Two days. B. Four days C. Five days D. One week. B Many of us love July because it’s the month when nature’s berries and stone fruits are in abundance. These colorful and sweet jewels from British Columbia’s fields are little powerhouses of nutritional protection. Of the common berries, strawberries are highest in vitamin C, although, because of their seeds, raspberries contain a little more protein(蛋白质), iron and zinc (not that fruits have much protein). Blueberries are particularly high in antioxidants (抗氧化物质). The yellow and orange stone fruits such as peaches are high in the carotenoids we turn into Vitamin A and which are antioxidants. As for cherries(樱桃), they are so delicious who care? However, they are rich in Vitamin C. When combined with berries or slices of other fruits, frozen bananas make an excellent base for thick, cooling fruits shakes and low fat “ice cream” . For this purpose, select ripe bananas for freezing as they are much sweeter. Remove the skin and place them in plastic

bags or containers and freeze. If you like, a squeeze of fresh lemon juice on the bananas will prevent them turning brown. Frozen bananas will last several weeks, depending on their ripeness and the temperature of the freezer. If you have a juicer, you can simply feed in frozen bananas and some berries or sliced fruit. Out comes a “Soft-serve” creamy dessert, to be eaten right away. This makes a fun activity for a children’s party; they love feeding the fruit and frozen bananas into the top of the machine and watching the ice cream come out below. 24. What does the author seem to like about cherries? A. They contain protein. B. They are high in vitamin A. C. They have a pleasant taste. D. They are rich in antioxidants. 25. Why is fresh lemon juice used in freezing bananas? A. To make them smell better. B. To keep their colour. C. To speed up their ripening. D. To improve their nutrition. 26. What is “a juicer” in the last paragraph? A. A dessert. B. A drink. C. A container. D. A machine. 27. From which is the text probably taken? A. A biology textbook. B. A health magazine. C. A research paper. C. A travel brochure. C Teens and younger children are reading a lot less for fun, according to a Common Sense Media report published Monday. While the decline over the past decade is steep for teen readers, some data in the report shows that reading remains a big part of many children’s lives, and indicates how parents might help encourage more reading. According to the report’s key findings, “the proportion (比例) who say they ‘hardly ever’ read for fun has gone from 8 percent of 13-year-olds and 9 percent of 17-year-olds in 1984 to 22 percent and 27 percent respectively today.” The report data shows that pleasure reading levels for younger children, ages 2-8, remain largely the same. But the amount of time spent in reading each session had declined, from closer to an hour or more to closer to a half hour per session. When it comes to technology and reading, the report does little to counsel (建议) parents looking for data about the effect of e-readers and tablets on reading. It does point out that many parents still limit electronic reading mainly due to concerns about increased screen time. The most hopeful data shared in the report shows clear evidence of parents serving as examples and important guides for their kids when it comes to reading. Data shows that kids and teens who do read frequently, compared to infrequent readers, have more books in the home, more books purchased for them, parents who read more often, and parents who set aside time for them to read. At the end of school approaches, and school vacation reading lists loom( 逼近) ahead,

parents might take the chance to step in and make their own summer reading list and plan a family trip to the library or bookstore. 28. What is the Common Sense Media report probably about? A. Children’s reading habits. B. Quality of children’s books. C. Children’s after-class activities. D. Parent-child relationships. 29. Where can you find the data that best supports “children are reading a lot less for fun”? A. In paragraph 2 B. In paragraph 3 C. In paragraph 4 D. In paragraph 5 30. Why do many parents limit electronic reading? A. E-books are of poor quality. B. It could be a waste of time. C. It may harm children’s health. D. E-readers are expensive. 31. How should parents encourage their children to read more? A. Act as role models for them. B. Ask them to write book reports. C. Set up reading groups for them. D. Talk with their reading class teachers. D We’ve been there: in a lift, in line at the bank or on an airplane, surrounded by people who are, like us, deeply focused on their smartphones or, worse, struggling with the uncomfortable silence. What’s the problem? It is possible that we all have compromised conversational intelligence. It’s more likely that none of us start a conversation because it’s awkward and challenging, or we think it’s annoying and unnecessary. But the next time you find yourself among strangers, consider that small talk is worth the trouble. Experts say it ’s an invaluable social practice that results in big benefits. Dismissing small talk as unimportant is easy, but we can’t forget that deep relationships wouldn’t even exist if it weren’t for casual conversation. Small talk is the grease (润滑剂) for social communication, says Bernardo Carducci, director of the Shyness Research Institute at Indian University Southeast. “Almost every great love story and each big business deal begins with small talk,” he explains. “The key to successful small talk is learning how to connect with others, not just communicate with them.” In a 2014 study, Elizabeth Dunn, associate professor of psychology at UBC, invited people on their way into a coffee shop. One group was asked to seek out an interaction (互动) with its waiter; the other, to speak only when necessary. The results showed that those who chatted with their server reported significantly higher positive feelings and a better coffee shop experience. “It’s not that talking to the waiter is better than talki ng to your husband,” say Dunn. “But interactions with peripheral (边缘的) members of our social network matter for our well-being also.” Dunn believes that people who research out to strangers feel a significantly greater sense of belonging, a bond with others. Carducci believes developing such a sense of belonging starts with small talk. “Small talk is the basis of good manners,” he says. 32. What phenomenon is described in the first paragraph? A. Addiction to smartphones.

B. Inappropriate behaviours in public places. C. Absence of communication between strangers. D. Impatience with slow service. 33. What is important for successful small talk according to Carducci? A. Showing good manners. B. Relating to other people. C. Focusing on a topic. D. Making business deals. 34. What does the coffee-shop study suggest about small talk? A. It improves family relationships. B. It raises people’s confidence. C. It matters as much as a formal talk. D. It makes people feel good. 35. What is the best title for the text? A. Conversation Counts B. Ways of Making Small Talk C. Benefits of Small Talk D. Uncomfortable Silence 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

选项中有两 项为多余选项。

If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out. 36 Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.  Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day. 37  Your metabolism ( 新陈代谢 ) gets a head start. 38 If you work out in the mornings, then you will be getting the calorie (卡路里) burning benefits for the whole day, not in your sleep.  39 Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited.  40 If you work out bright and early in the morning, you will be more likely to stick to healthy food choices throughout the day. Who would want to ruin their good workout by eating junk food? You will want to continue to focus on positive choices. There are a lot of benefits to working out, especially in the mornings. Set your alarm clock an hour early and push yourself to work out! You will feel energized all day long. A. You will stick to your diet. B. Your quality of sleep improves. C. You prefer healthy food to fast food. D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning. E. You can keep you head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise. F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day. G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项。

Two weeks earlier, my son, Ben, had got in touch. He’d moved to England with his mum when he was three and it had been 13 years since I’d 41 seen him. So imagine my 42 when he emailed me saying he wanted to come to visit me. I was 43 ! I arrived early at Byron Bay where we were supposed to 44 . The bay was 45 in sunshine, and there was a group of kayakers around 150m off the shore. Getting a little 46 , I realized one kayak (皮筏艇) was in 47 . “Something’s not 48 !” I took off my T-shirt and 49 into the water. I saw there were two instructors on board and a man lying across the middle. He was 50 violently. Linking arms with one of the instructors, I helped 51 the young man out of water. He was unconscious and as I looked at his face, something 52 to me. Those brown eyes were very 53 “What’s his name?” I asked the instructor. “Ben,” he replied, and immediately I 54 . That stranger was my son. The instructors called for an ambulance. 55 , after a brief stay in hospital, Ben was well enough to be allowed to 56 and later the family met up for dinner. We chatted about everything and then Ben 57 to me. “I just want to say thank you,” he said. “You 58 my life!” I still can’t believe what a 59 it was. I’m just so glad I was there 60 to help my son. 41. A. also B. often C. even D. last 42. A. delight B. relief C. anger D. worry 43. A. scared B. shocked C. thrilled D. ashamed 44. A. talk B. stay C. meet D. settle 45. A. bathed B. clean C. deep D. formed 46. A. faster B. closer C. heavier D. wiser 47. A. trouble B. advance C. question D. battle 48. A. real B. right C. fair D. fit 49. A. stared B. sank C. dived D. fell 50. A. arguing B. fighting C. shouting D. shaking 51. A. lead B. persuade C. carry D. keep 52. A. happened B. occurred C. applied D. appealed 53. A. sharp B. pleasant C. attractive D. familiar 54.A. agreed B. hesitated C. doubted D. knew 55. A. Fortunately B. Frankly C. Sadly D. Suddenly 56. A. return B. relax C. speak D. leave 57. A. joked B. turned C. listened D. pointed 58. A. created B. honored C. saved D. guided 59. A. coincidence B. change C. pity D. pain 60. A. on board B. in time C. for sure D. on purpose 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diets have changed in China-and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 61 (grow) more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over 62 past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent. A taste for meat is 63 (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice 64 (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water 65 rice and creates less fertilizer (化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased 66 (pollute) in the country’s major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people. According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 67 (globe) fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005when the government 68 (start) a soil-testing program 69 gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers - and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China ’s approach to protecting its environment while 70 (feed) its citizens “offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide,” says the bank’s Juergen Voegele. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请改正下面短文中的错误。

文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有三处。

每处错 误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉; 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

When I was little, Friday’s night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all sort in the sitting room. As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me. They would say to us that playing card games would help my brain. Still I unwilling to play the games for them sometimes. I didn’t realize how right my parents are until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 你受学生会委托为校宣传栏 “ 英语天地 ” 写一则通知,请大家观看一部英文短片 Growing Together,内容包括:1. 短片内容:学校的发展;2. 放映时间、地点;3. 欢迎对 短片提出意见。

注意:1. 词数 100 左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Notice There is a short English film this weekend.Student Union

2018 年高考听力全国卷 II 分析 渭南市尚德中学 赵军艳 第一部分:答案分布: 参考答案:1-5 CABAC 6-10 BBACC 11-15 ABABC 16-20 ABCCA 选项个数比: A7:B:6:C7 第二部分:音频与考点分布情况: 一、音频信息 二、考点分布信息 事实细节 11 三、原文与单题解析 语音 美音 总字数 812 语速 高考正常速度 难度 中 推理判断 5 主旨大意 1 观点态度 3Text 1 德语课学习情况;42 词 W: So, how is your German class going, John? M: Well, not bad. The pronunciation is fine with me, and its vocabulary is similar to English. But I'm finding the grammar awful. W: Well, it takes a while to get it right. 1. What does John find difficult in learning German? A. Pronunciation. B. Vocabulary. C. Grammar. 【解析】 事实细节题 1。

根据男士的话“But I'm finding the grammar awful.”可知,男士的语 法学习得很糟糕,所以德语语法对他来说比较难学,故选 C。

这里有信息转述:“awful”转述 为“difficult” 。

(Paraphrase 1 ) Text2 邀请参加派对; 28 词 W: I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. M: I didn't know I was invited. W: Sure you are. Everyone in our office is invited. 2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Brother and sister. C. Teacher and student. 【解析】推理判断题 1。

根据女士的话“Everyone in our office is invited.”可知,说话双方应该 是在同一个办公室工作,由此可推断出两人可能是同事关系,故选 A。

Text3 买火车票;28 词 W: May I help you? M: Yes. When is the next train to London? W: Oh, let me check. It leaves in twenty minutes. M: One ticket, please. 3. Where does the conversation probably take place? A.In a bank. B. At a ticket office. C. On a train. 【解析】推理判断题 2。

根据对话中男士问去伦敦的下一班火车是几点以及接下来他要买一

-张票可知,对话发生的地点可能是售票处,故选 B。

Text4 谈论一个餐馆; 32 词 W: Charlie, do you know a restaurant called Bravo? M: Bravo...I know the name. But I'm not sure where it is. W: It's on George Street.The food there is excellent. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. A restaurant. B. A street. C. A dish. 【解析】主旨大意题 1。

女士的第一句话“do you know a restaurant called Bravo?”点明了本次 对话的主题,且接下来的对话也是围绕这家名为 Bravo 的餐馆展开的,故选 A。

Text5 面试是否顺利; 34 词 W: Brian, I just had an interview. They said they would make a decision soon. M: What are your chances of getting the job? W: Quite good. I think the interview went very well. 5. What does the woman think of her interview? A.It was tough. B. It was interesting. C. It was successful. 【解析】观点态度题 1。

根据对话中男士问女士得到这份工作的可能性有多大,女士回答说 挺好的,她觉得自己的面试进行得很顺利,故选 C。

这里有信息转述:“go very well”转述为 “successful”。

(Paraphrase 2) Text6 写完作业后去放风筝; 84 词 M: Let's go kite flying, Judy. It's such a lovely day. W: Okay, but let me finish my chemistry homework first. Would you mind waiting for half an hour, Max? There are a few sports magazines on the table. M:Isn't the chemistry homework due next Wednesday? W: Yeah, but I have a full day of classes on Monday and a birthday party to attend on Tuesday. M: All right, then. You go ahead, and I'll catch up on some sports news while waiting. 6. When will Judy go to a party? A. On Monday. B. On Tuesday. C. On Wednesday. 【解析】事实细节题 2。

根据女士的话“but I have a full day of classes on Monday and a birthday party to attend on Tuesday.”可知,女士周二要参加一个生日派对,故选 B。

7. What will Max do next? A.Fly a kite. B. Read a magazine. C. Do his homework. 【解析】推理判断题 3。

根据材料开头女士的话“There are a few sports magazines on the table."和最后男士的话“and I'll catch up on some sports news while waiting.”可以推断出男士接 下来会看运动杂志,故选 B。

catch up on:用额外的时间补做 Text7 商量周日下午做什么; 92 词 W: We've been on the computer all the time lately.Why don't we do something different Sunday afternoon? M: Well, we could go to a concert. W: But I don't think we can get the tickets this late.

M: Then what about playing a computer game? There's a really cool new one we could download. W: Hmm, I don't know. I feel like I need to do some exercise. We could probably just walk by the lake, and I'll ask Mike to join us. M: That sounds like fun. Let's do it! 8. What does the man suggest doing at first? A. Going to a concert. B. Watching a movie. C. Playing a computer game. 【解析】 事实细节题 3。

根据男士的话“we could go to a concert.可知,男士一开始建议去听 音乐会,故选 A。

9. What do the speakers decide to do? A. Visit Mike. B. Go boating. C.Take a walk. 【解析】事实细节题 4。

根据女士的话“We could probably just walk by the lake, and I'll ask Mike to join us.”以及男士的回答“That sounds like fun.Let's do it!”可知,说话者决定去湖边走 一走,故选 C。

Text8 节目中谈论猫的习性; 153 词 W: Welcome to our program, Dr. Peterson. Let's see what questions we've got for you today. Here's one: Can cats see color? M: Sort of. In the wild, many cats hunt at night because their eyes are designed for low light. Your cat can't see bright colors such as red and green. But it picks up more shades of blue, yellow, and gray than humans do. W: And why do cats give dead birds to their owners? M: When your cat drops a dead bird at your feet,she isn't bringing you a present. Most cats just drag food home because it's a safe place to eat. A cat's mom also brings home things to her children to help them practice hunting. So, a female cat without children may bring these“treats”to her owner instead. You may not like them, but at least you don't have to write her a thank-you note. 10. Which color do cats see better than humans? A. Red. B. Green. C. Blue. 【解析】事实细节题 5。

根据男士的话“But it picks up more shades of blue, yellow, and gray than humans do.”可知,猫比人类能够辨识更多深浅不同的蓝色、黄色和灰色,故选 C。

本题虽是事实细节题,但关键信息中的 pick up 和 shade 是熟词生义。

pick up 指“注意到(不 容易注意的事情)”,shade 指“(色彩的)深浅浓淡”。

11. Why do cats bring dead birds home? A. To eat them in a safe place. B. To show off their hunting skills. C.To make their owners happy. 【 解 析 】 事 实 细 节 题 6 。

根 据 男 士 的 话 “Most cats just drag food home because it's a safe place to eat."可知,大多数的猫把食物带到家里是因为它们可以很安全地在家里吃 饭,故选 A。

12.How does the man sound at the end of the conversation? A. Grateful. B. Humorous. C. Curious. 【解析】情感态度题 1。

根据男士的话“You may not like them, but at least you don't have to

write her a thank-you note.”可知,这里男士是用幽默的口吻说你可能不喜欢那些食物,但是 至少你不用给猫写一封感谢信,故选 B。

Text9 谈论孩子在幼儿园的表现; 158 词 W: How is little Ed doing at the kindergarten, Jack? M: Oh, he's doing fairly well. It's been three weeks since he first started going, so Macy and I are pretty used to it now. You should have seen Macy cry when Ed was about to set off on the first day, though. W: I think that's a normal reaction for mothers. You live quite close to the kindergarten, don't you? How does he get there? M: Macy walks there with him every morning unless the weather is bad. When it rains, they'll drive. W: And is Ed enjoying kindergarten? M: Yeah, he loves to have other kids to play with.He keeps telling us things they do together. W: What do the teachers at the kindergarten say about him? M: They said he's bright, and that he's starting to learn how to tell time. Isn't that fantastic? W:That is fantastic. It sounds like everything goes well. 13. Who is Macy? A. Ed's mother. B. Ed's teacher. C. Ed's friend. 【解析】推理判断题 4。

根据男士的话“You should have seen Macy cry when Ed was about to set off on the first day, though.”以及女士的回答“I think that's a normal reaction for mothers.'可知,Macy 在 Ed 出发去幼儿园的第一天哭得非常伤心, 而女士回答这是作为一 个母亲正常的反应,所以 Macy 是 Ed 的母亲,故选 A。

14. How does Ed usually go to kindergarten? A. By car. B. On foot. C. By bus. 【解析】 事实细节 题 7 。

根据男士的话 “Macy walks there with him every morning unless the weather is bad."可知,大多数时候都是由 Macy 陪着 Ed 走路去幼儿园的,故选 B。

考试题中 经常出现 walk 和 on foot 的同义转述。

(Paraphrase 3) 15. What does Ed enjoy doing at the kindergarten? A. Telling stories. B. Singing songs. C. Playing with others. 【解析】事实细节题 8。

根据男士的话“he loves to have other kids to play with.”可知,Ed 很 喜欢和其他小朋友一起玩,故选 C。

16. What do the teachers say about Ed? A. He's clever. B. He's quiet. C. He's brave. 【 解 析 】 事 实 细 节 题 9 。

根 据 男 士 的 话 “They said he's bright, and that he's starting to learn how to tell time.”可知,幼儿园老师们觉得 Ed 很聪明,都 开始学习看时间了,故选 A。

这里信息转述:“bright”转述为“clever”(Paraphrase 4) Text10 谈自己学习跳舞到最后放弃的经历;161 词 My name is Emily. I had been a dancer for quite a long time. I started studying ballet When I was six years old. By the time I was nine, I was dancing five days a week.When I was eighteen, I decided that I really preferred contemporary dance and that I wanted to do it

professionally.So I applied successfully for the training program at the School of Toronto Dance Theatre, and moved to Toronto to attend the program. That was the period of time I enjoyed most in Toronto. I graduated on scholarship and danced professionally for ten years.But after all those years, I found that dance was gradually becoming something that felt like more of a burden than a joy. I found myself increasingly unwilling to drag myself to dance performances, so I quit.I do miss dance, often. But it makes me happy to think that I'll never have to go to another training session again. 讲述者以第一人称讲述自己的亲身经历,从一-开始学跳芭蕾,后来跳现代舞,最后放弃舞 蹈。

我们可以从她的经历总结出:当你一开始喜欢做的某件事情后来渐渐成为你的负担,并 且让你痛苦多于快乐,这时候,放弃也是一种人生选择。

17. At what age did Emily start learning ballet? A. Five. B. Six. C. Nine. 【解析】事实细节题 10。

根据讲述者的话“I started studying ballet when I was six years old.” 可知,她在六岁开始学习跳芭蕾,故选 B。

18. Why did Emily move to Toronto? A.To work for a dance school.B To perform at a dance theater.C. To learn contemporary dance. 【解析】事实细节题 11。

讲述者在 18 岁时,觉得自己更喜欢现代舞,因此申请到多伦多舞 蹈戏剧学校参加训练课程学习专业的现代舞,故选 C。

注意: contemporary 在 3500 大纲词 中的意思是“属同时期的,同一时代的”,此处指“现代的”,该词在听,力材料中不常用。

19. Why did Emily quit dancing? A. She was too old to dance. B. She failed to get a scholarship. C. She lost interest in it. 【解析】推理判断题 5。

根据讲述者的话“But after all those years, I found that dance was gradually becoming something that felt like more of a burden than a joy. I found myself increasingly unwilling to drag myself to dance performances, so I quit."可知,她多年跳舞后,渐 渐感觉跳舞对她来说更像是个负担,最后放弃了,由此可推断出讲述者对跳舞失去了兴趣, 故选 C。

increasingly 不是 3500 大纲词,表示“越来越多地” 。

drag 在本次考试中出现了两 次,表示“拖动,拽” ,这里形容讲述者自己,很形象。

20. How does Emily feel about stopping training? A. She's pleased. B. She's regretful. C. She's upset. 【解析】情感态度题 3。

根据讲述者的话“I do miss dance, often. But it makes me happy to think that I'll never have to go to another training session again."可知, 讲述者自己还是经常会想 起以前跳舞的时光,可是想到再也不用去上培训课程也很开心,故选 A。

本段独白的词汇非常丰富,如 prefer、contemporary. professionally. increasingly、 session、 regretful、unwilling......

 
 

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