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介词讲解

2018-08-08 02:38:32

英语中介词讲解比较全面的书《英语介词惯用辞典〉新世界出版社焦凤英
英语中介词讲解比较全面的书《英语介词惯用辞典〉新世界出版社焦凤英介词讲解

1.显示地点位子的介词 1)at ,in, on, to, for at (1)显示在小中央; (2)显示“在……临近,边上” in (1)显示 在大中央; (2)显示“在…范围之内”. on 显示毗邻,接壤,“在……下面”. to 显示在……范围外,不强调能否接壤;或“到……” 2)above, over, on 在……上 above 指在……上方,不强调能否垂直,与 below 相对; over 指垂直的上方,与 under 相对,但 over 与物体有一定的空间,不直截了当 接触. on 显示某物体下面并与之接触. The bird is flying above my head. There is a bridge over the river. He put his watch on the desk. 3)below, under 在……下面 under 显示在…正下方 below 显示在……下,不一定在正下方 There is a cat under the table. Please write your name below the line. 4)in front of, in the front of 在……前面 in front of…意义是 “在……前面”,指甲物在乙物之前,两者互不包括; 其反义词是 behind(在……的前面).

There are some flowers in front of the house. (房子前面有些花卉.) in the front of 意义是“在…..的前部”,即甲物在乙物的外部.反义词是 at the back of…(在……范围内的后部). There is a blackboard in the front of our classroom. 我们的课堂前边有一块黑板. Our teacher stands in the front of the classroom. 我们的教员站在课堂前.(教员在课堂里) 5)beside, behind beside 显示在……边上 behind 显示在……前面2.显示时刻的介词 1)in , on, at 在……时 in 显示较长时刻,如世纪、朝代、时期、年、季节、月及平常(非特 指)的早、中、晚等. 如 in the 20th century, in the 1950s, in 1989, in summer, in January, in the morning, in one’s life , in one’s thirties 等. on 显示详细某一天及其早、中、晚. 如 on May 1st, on Monday, on New Year’s Day, on a cold night in January, on a fine morning, on Sunday afternoon 等. at 显示某一时辰或较持久的时刻,或泛指圣诞节,复生节等. 如 at 3:20, at this time of year, at the beginning of, at the end of …, at the

age of …, at Christmas, at night, at noon, at this moment 等. 留意:在 last, next, this, that, some, every 等词之前一概不用介词.如: We meet every day. 2)in, after 在……之后 “in +段时刻”显示未来的一段时刻以来; “after+段时刻”显示过去的一段时刻以来; “after+未来的时刻点”显示未来的某一时辰以来. 3)from, since 自从…… from 仅阐明啥时辰末尾,不阐明某举措或状况延续多久; since 显示某举措或状况延续至说话时辰,通常与完成时连用.since 表 示"自(某详细时刻)以来",常用作完成时态谓语 的时刻状语. since liberation (1980) 自从挽救 (1980 年) 以来 They have been close friends since childhood. 他们从小一定是好好友. (1)since the war 是指"自从战争完毕以来",若指"自从战争末尾以来 ",须说"since the beginning of the war". (2)不要将 since 与 after 混杂. 比拟:He has worked here since 1965. (指一段时刻,强调时刻段)自 从 1965 年以来, 他时常在这儿任务. He began to work here after 1965. (指一点时刻,强调时刻点)从 1965 年以来,他末尾在这儿任务.

4)after, behind 在……之后 after 要紧用于显示时刻; behind 要紧用于显示位子. 时刻名词前介词用法口诀 年前周前要用 in 详细生活却要用 on 遇到几号要用 on 上午下午又是 in 要说某日上下午 用 on 换 in 记明晰 午夜黄昏用 at 清晨用它也不错 at 用在时分前 说“差”可要用上 to 说"过''要用 past 3.显示运动方向的介词: across, through 经过,穿过 across 显示横过,即从物体表面经过,与 on 有关,为二维 through 穿过,即从物体外部穿过,与 in 有关,为三维.过 4.显示“在……之间”的介词:表 示 “ 在 … … 之 间 ” 的 介 词 在 英 语 中 属 于 方 位 介 词 , 如 in front of ,behind ,on, in, near, under, up

between, among between 指在两团体或两个事物之间; among 指在三个或三个以上的人或事物之间. 5.显示其他意义的介词 1)on ,about 关于 on 显示这本书,这篇文章或演说是严厉的,或学术性的,可供专门追求 这一成绩的人阅读; about 显示内容较为平常,不那样正式. 2)by, with, in 显示办法、手法、工具 by 以……办法、手法或泛指某种交通工具;eg: by bike, by bus, by the way, by this way with 显示用 …工具、手法,平常接详细的工具和手法; in 显示用…方式,用…言语(语调、笔墨、颜色)等;eg: in English, in Chinese, 3)except, besides 除了 except 除……之外,不包括在内; besides 除……之外,包括在内. Except for Mr. Wang, we went to see the film.(王先生没去) Besides Mr. Wang, we also went to see the film.(王先生也去了) 三.稳固 练习 1. Taiwan is in_______ the southeast of China.(in, on, to) 2. Go ____on_____ the bridge ___to______ the river, you’ll find the

shop.(across, through; over, above) 3. I go to school ______at____7:30 every morning.(in, on, at) 4. He would like to meet her ______at____8:00 and 9:00 tomorrow morning.(between, among ) 5. The Greens have lived in China _____for___ three years. (in, for, after) 6. We go to school every day ___on_____ Saturday and Sunday.(except, besides) 7. He wrote the letter _________ ink.(by, with ,in ) 8. She returned to her country _____for____five years.(in, after, for) 9. There is a big tree _________ our classroom.(after, behind) 10. I usually go to work _________ bike.(by, on, with) 1. There’s something _______ her that I really don’t like. A. with B. forC. to D. about 2. I was angry _______ him for keeping me waiting. A. with B. toC. about D. on 3. _______ going to French evening classes twice a week she does yoga on Wednesdays . A. Because of B. ExceptC. Besides D. But for 4. _______ cooking, writing and running the farm, she was very busy.

A. Among B. BetweenC. Over D. As 5. _______ one old lady, the bus was empty. A. Except B. Except forC. But D. Besides 6. They promise that the work would all be finished _______ next week. A. until B. inC. by D. to 7. We didn’t live together. We kept in touch _______ writing often. A. with B. ofC. on D. by 8. It was very kind of her. She insisted _______ her car to us. A. to lend B. lendingC. on lending D. in lending 9. We’ve talked a lot _______ cars. What about trains? A. of B. withC. about D. in 10. “How long have you been here?”“_______ the end of last month.” A. In B. ByC. At D. Since 11. The chemistry teacher required the students _______ more attention _______ the lab clean . A. to pay, to keep B. to paying, to keepingC. to pay, to keeping D. paying, keeping 12. “Is your car equal _______ hers in speed?”“No, mine is faster. But my old one equals _______ hers in speed." A. to, to B. \, \ C. to, \ D. \, to 13. This exam is very important for her. She won’t go home ______ the

exam. A. until after B. after untilC. until D. from 14. This suit fits me well _______ the trousers are too long. A. only B. except forC. except that D. except 15. After a quick dinner, they set off ______ car and made ______ the nearest town. A. by, to B. in, toC. by, for D. in, for [编辑本段] 其它常用介词 介词在英语词汇中所占比例格外小 ,但它们的用法却异常灵敏 ,复杂 . 下 列为常用介词及寓意: 1)about 关于,临近,大约,周围,随身. I have bought a book about Shakespearean. 我买了一本有关莎士比亚的书. There are about fifteen trees in the picture. 图片里大约有十五棵树. 2)above 在.上,高出,以上,超越,在...下游. The plane is flying above the clouds. 飞机在云上飞行. I think the man is above sixty years old. 我想那人有六十多岁了. 3)across 横过,对面,交织,在...的对面.

Can you swim across the river? 你能游过河吗? We live across the street. 我们住在街的对面. 4)after 在...前面,依照. He went home after school. 他放学后就回家了. Read after me, please. 请跟我朗诵. 5)against 撞到,靠着,支持,违犯, The car hit against the tree. 汽车撞了树. He is standing against the wall. 他靠墙站着. 6)along 顺着,顺着. They are walking along the river. 他们顺着河行走. 7)among 在...中间.(三者或三者以上) He is the tallest among them. 他是他们中间个子最高的. 8)around 在...的周围,在...那一边. They sat around the table talking the news.

他们绕桌而坐谈论旧事. There is a drugstore around the corner. 拐角处有一家药店. 9)as 作为. He doesn't like people treat him as a child. 他不爱慕人们把他当小小孩对待. 10)at 在...时辰,在...点钟,在...岁时, 向,在...之中,按...速度,值(卖)...钞票, 在...(强调地点) He always gets up at six in the morning. 他常常早上六点钟起床. He shot at the bird but missed it. 他向鸟射击,但是没射中. The car goes at eighty miles an hour. 汽车以每小时八十公里的速度行驶. 11)before 在...的前面(位子),在...之前(时刻) He took a picture before the car. 他在汽车前照了张照片. He can't finish his work before supper. 晚饭前他完不成任务. 12)behind 在...的前面(位子), 掉队于,不如, 迟于,晚于(时刻) Are there any brooms behind the door.

门后有扫帚吗? All of us are behind him in mathematics. 我们数学都不如他. 13)below 在...之下,低于, There are four lights below the ceiling. 天花板下面有四盏灯. The murderer run away below the police's eyes. 杀人犯从警察眼皮底下跑了. 14)beside 在...的边上,在...之外,与...相比. He found the body beside the river. 他在河边发现了尸体. Beside yours, my computer is too slow. 与你的计算机速度相比,我的就慢多了. 15)besides 除...之外, 还有... We are all here besides Bowe. 除鲍外,我们也都来了. 16)between 在...两者之间, The relations between the two countries has improved since then. 两国的关系从那以来失掉了改善. 17)beyond 在...那边, The shop you are looking for is beyond the street, you can't miss it. 你要找的商店在街的那边,你不或许找不到的.

18)but 除去. He has nothing but money. 他除钞票以外啥都没有. 19)by 被..., 在...的近旁 , 在...之前, 不迟于, 以...为手法. The classroom was cleaned by the students. 课堂由先生们清扫洁净了. Miss Lucy came to China by air. 露西小姐是乘飞机来中国的. 20)down 顺着...望下. She walked down the street. 她顺着街道走. 21)during 在...时期,在...时辰. During the holiday, we went to the south. 我们假期去了南方. 22)except 除...之外. He knows nothing except English. 他除英语以外啥都不了解. 23)for 为..., 由于..., 至于... . He works for this company. 他为这家公司任务. She came back to the classroom for she had left her books in the classroom.

她前往到课堂是由于把书留在了那儿. 24)from 从..., 来自..., 由于. Where are you from? 你是哪里人? He died from an accident. 他死于一场事故. 25)in 在..., 在...之内,从事于..., 依照..., 穿着. He was born in 1992. 他生于 1992 年. I could finish the program in two weeks. 我能够用两周时刻完成那个项目. He spend less time in reading. 他读书时刻格外少. The man in black jacket is our teacher. 穿黑夹克的那团体是我们的教员. 26)like 象...,仿佛. The twins are like their father. 双胞胎像他们的父亲. 27)near 接近. There are some flowers near the house. 房子临近有一些花. 28)of ...的,属于.

This is a map of China. 这是一张中国地图. 29)off 分开...,在...之外. The young man got off the train quickly. 那个年青人格外快下了火车. I live in a village a little way off the main road. 我住在离大路不远的一个村庄里. 30)on 在...之上. My book is on the table. 我的书在桌子上. 31)out of 从...出来,在...之外. The dog run out of the house. 狗从房子里跑出来. 32)outside ... 外边. They are waiting outside the gate. 他们在门外等着. 33)over 在...之上,遍于...之上,越过. There is a light over the desk. 桌子上方有盏灯. He is over sixty years old. 他有六十多岁. 34)past 越过...,过...,跨越.

The students walked past the post office. 先生们走过了邮局. It is ten past two. 如今是两点异常. 35)round 围着...,绕过...,在...周围. We sat round the table. 我们围着桌子坐下. The earth goes round the sun. 地球围着太阳转. 36)since 自... 以来,自...以来. He has made great progress in English since he came into the college. 从他离开大学后,他的英语有了格外大先进. 37)through 经过...,穿过.(平面层面) They went through the forest. 他们穿过了森林. 38)throughout 普及...,在各处. The police searched for the criminal throughout the mountain. 警察搜山寻觅犯人. 39)till 直到...,在...平常. He didn't come back till eleven o'clock. 他直到十一点钟才回来. We'll be home till six.

六点平常我们都会在家. 40)to 到...,向...,趋于. How long is it from here to the station? 从这儿到车站有多远? 41)under 在...之下,低于. There are some footballs under the bed. 床底下有几颗足球. These students are under seventeen years old. 这些先生们不到十七岁. 42)until 直到,在...平常, Please wait for us until we come back. 请等着我们回来. It was not until last week that I handed in mathematics paper. 直到上周,我才交了数学论文. 43)up 在...下面,在...上. He went up the stairs. 他上了楼梯. 44)upon 在...之上,迫近. It's not polite to look down upon him. 蔑视他是不礼貌的. 45)within 在...之内. You must finish the work within two weeks.

你务必两周内完成这项任务. 46)without 没有,不,在...之外. We can't do it better without your help. 没有你的关心,我们就做不行. We couldn't live without air and water. 没有气氛和水,我们就不能够生活. [编辑本段] 介词英文缩写: 介词英文缩写是 prep.是英文 preposition 的缩写 [编辑本段] 介词用法口诀 早、午、晚要用 in,at 清晨、午夜、点与分. 年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in. 未来时态 in...以来,小处 at 大处 in. 有形 with 有形 by,言语、单位、材料 in. 特征、方面与方式,心境成语惯用 in. 介词 at 和 to 表方向,攻击、位子、恶、善分. 生活、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚, 收音、农场、值日 on,关于、基础、靠、著论. 着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,有意、支付、相反,准. 特定时日和"一……就",on 后常接动名词. 年、月、日加早、午、晚,of 之前 on 代 in.

步行、驴、马、玩笑 on,cab,carriage 则用 in. at 山脚、门口、在往后,速、温、日落、价、中心. 工具、和、同随 with,具有、独立、就、缘由. 就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分. 海、陆、空、车、偶、被 by,双数、人类 know to man. this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one. 接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习气. over、under 正上下,above、below 则不然, 若与数量词连用,混合运用亦有关.' beyond 超出、无、不能,against 靠着,对与反. besides,except 分外外,among 之内 along 沿. 同类比拟 except,加 for 异类记心间. 原状 because of,、 owing to、 due to 表语描画词 under 后接修、建中,of、from 物、化分. before、after 表一点, ago、later 表一段. before 能接完成时,ago 过去极有限. since 以来 during 间,since 时态多转换. 与之相比 beside,除了 last but one. 复不定 for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞. 快到、对、向 towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南. but for 否认用虚拟,复合介词待后言. ing 型由于鉴,除了除外与包合.

之后、关于、在.方面,有关介词须记全. in 内 to 表面位子,山、水、国境 to 在前. 动词与介词(或副词)的搭配add…to 加到……上 agree with 赞同(某人) arrive at(in) 抵达 ask for 讯咨询 begin…with 从……末尾 believe in 信任 break into 闯入 break off 打断 break out 爆发 bring down 降低 bring in 引进 bring up 教育,培育 build up 建起 burn down 烧光 call back 回电话 call for 要求约请 call in 召来 call on 访咨询 访咨询 care for 爱慕 carry on 承袭展开 carry out 实行展开 check out 查明 结帐 clear up 整理,整理 come about 发作,发作 come across (偶然)遇见 come out 出来 come to 合计 抵达 compare…with 与……比拟 compare to 比作 cut off 切断 date from 始于 depend on 依赖 devote to 献于 die out 消亡 divide up 安排 dream of 幻想

fall off 下降 fall over 跌倒 feed on 以……为食 get down to 专注于 get through 经过 give in 妥协,屈服