八年级上册英语(2014年秋季版)语法、短语和知识点总结

 时间:2016-09-03 16:09:26 贡献者:qq476380900

导读:八年级上册英语(2014 年秋季版)语法、短语和知识点总结 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。 本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定

人教版七年级英语上册unit8短语,句型,知识点总结
人教版七年级英语上册unit8短语,句型,知识点总结

八年级上册英语(2014 年秋季版)语法、短语和知识点总结 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的用法。

2.不定代词和不定副词的用法: (1)左边的 some、any、every、no 与右边的 body、one、thing 构成不定代词,some、any、 every、no 与右边的疑问副词 where 构成不定副词;新|课 |标|第 |一| 网(2) 一般情况下以 some 开头的不定代词和不定副词用于肯定句, 以 any 开头的不定代词和 不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以 no 开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义(no one 为 两个单词) ; (3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

He has something important to do.他有重要的事情要做。

(肯定句用 something,形容词 important 放后) Did you buy anything special? (一般疑问句用 anything,形容词 special 放后) Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上个月你去令人感兴趣的地方了吗? (一般疑问句用不定副词 anywhere,形容词 interesting 放后) (4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。

Everone is here today.今 天每个人都在这里。

Xk B1 .co m本单元的短语和知识点: 1. go on vacation 去度假 go to the mountains 上山/进山2.stay at home 呆在家 go to the beach 去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp 去参观夏令营 3. study for tests 为考试而学习\备考 go out 出去4. quite a few 相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)take photos 照相 most of the time 大部分时间 起来很好 taste(尝起来) 、look(看起来) 、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词 7.have a good\great\fun time 过得高兴,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping 去购物 9. nothing„but+动词原形:除了„„之外什么都没有 5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth 为某人买某物 6. taste good. 尝He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了读书无事可做。

10. seem to do sth:好像„ I seem to know him.我好像认识他。

X kB1 .co m

seem+(to be)+形容词:看起来„The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看起来很容易。

11.keep a diary 记日记 12. arrive in+大地方:达到某地 at+小地方:达到某地 (get to +地方:达到某地) (get 的过去式为 got)若是 arrive 和 get 后跟 home、 there、 here 三个地点副词, 后面的介词 in\at\to 必须去掉。

Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚汤姆到家。

13.decide to do sth:决定做某事 14. try doing sth.尝试做某事 try to do sth.尽力去 做某事 15. feel like 给„的感觉;感受到 16. in the past 在过去 enjoy 不同的) 18.start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)新课 标 第 一 网 doing sth:喜欢做某事 walk around 四处走走difference(名词,差异,差别)---- different(形容词,19.19.over an hour 一个多小时 (over 超过,多余 = more than) 20. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。

too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词作 状语。

much too 太,后跟形容词或副词 , 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头:much 后接不可数,too 后修饰形或副。

too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

21. because of 因为,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing) ,不能接句子。

because 因为,后跟句子。

He was late for school because of getting up late.他因为起晚而上学迟到。

(get 为 动词) = He was late for school because he got up late. 22. enough(足够的)与名词连用,一般放在名词前 He has enough money . 23. enough(足够的)与形容词或副词连用,enough 放在后面。

He is old enough to go to school. 24. Forget doing sth.忘记已经做过某事(已经做完) to do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做)(forget 的过去式为 forgot)25. so+形容词+that+句子:如此„以至于„ too+形容词+to do sth:太„以至于不能„ 形容词+enough to do sth:足够„能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互换)

He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school. = He isn′t old enough to go to school. X K b 1. C omUnit 2 How often do you exercise? 本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

主要频率副词的等级排序:always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有 时) > hardly ever(很少) > never(从不) 这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be 动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。

即: “行”前“助(系)”后。

Peter is always late for school. Peter 上学总是迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次 电视?) 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.on weekends 在周末 务 go to the movies 去看电影 help with housework 帮助做家how often 多久一次 hardly ever 几乎从不 use the Internet 用互联网2.once a week 每周一次 twice a week 每周两次 every day 每天 be free 有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?4.stay up late 熬夜 at least 至少 go to bed early 早点睡觉 play sports 进行体育活动 5.after school 放学后 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

7.be good for 对„„有好处 8. 某事 be bad for 对„„有害处 go camping 去野营 9.ask sb about sth:问某人play computer games 打电子游戏My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

10. in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13, 2b)”数字+percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。

若名词为复数,后面 的动词用复数形式; 若名词为单数或不可数名词, 后面的动词用单数形式。

wM W w .x K b 1.c o

In our class ,twenty of students are boys.Thirty of water is dirty.12.not„at all:一点儿也不 (not 构成否定句)I don’t like the movie at all. 13.go online 上网=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名词:„的答案 16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的(最好)方式 The best way to learn English is speaking English.学习英语的最好方法是说英语. 17.such as 比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 例如(后跟句子) He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes. 19.more than (=over)超过,多余 go to the dentist 去看牙医Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister. 本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。

(语法:见课本第 113 页至 115 页) 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.play+the +乐器 篮球 both„and„两者都(后面的动词用复数形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.k B1 .co mplay the drums 打鼓 比较 play +球类play basketball 打3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好 X 7.be like:像„ The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事 9.be different from 与„不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事 常与 help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换 He often helps me(to)learn English.他经常帮助我学习英语。

= He often helps me with my English.他经常在英语方面帮助我。

help (to) do sth:帮助做某事 He often helps( to)cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

13.be good with sb:与某人相处很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词Unit 4 What's the best movie theater? 本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词和副词的最高级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词和副词的最高级。

本单元的短语和知识点:wW w .X k b 1. c O m1.welcome to+地点:欢迎来到某地 Welcome to our school.欢迎来我校。

2.What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为...怎么样? 3.watch sb do sth:看见某人做了某事(= see sb do sth ) 4.比较级别 +and+比较级:越来越„(若比较级为 more+形容词原级,则为:more and more 形容词原级)The buildings are taller and taller. Our school is getting more and more beautiful. 5.around the world 全世界=all over the world, such as 例如Unit 5 Do you want to watch a game show? 本单元的话题:谈论自己对天使节目或电影的喜好,学会表达自己的感受。

本单元的语法:复习一般现在时。

本单元的短语和知识点: 1. What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为„怎么样? What do you think of the movie?你认为这部电影怎么样? It is boring.很无聊。

2.mind doing sth:介意做某事 3. news (不可数名词,消息,信息) a piece of good news一条好消息 4.learn (sth) from sb:向某人学习(某物) 5.plan to do sth:计划做某 事(plan 的过去式 planned,现在分词 planning) 8.favorite (形容词,最喜爱的)= like„best My favorite shows are talk shows.我最喜欢的节目是谈话节目。

=I like talk shows best. 9.expect to do sth:期待做某事 10.think of 认为, 想起 He often thinks of his teachers. 11.in the 1930s:在二十世纪三十年代(1930 年至 1939 年) 10.12.one of +可数名词复数:„之一(该短语放在句首做主语时,后面的动词用单数形 式)One of the students has an English dictionary.这些学生中一个人有英语字典。

14.luck(名词,幸运,运气)—lucky(形容词,幸运的)--unlucky (形容词,不幸的) 15.be ready to do sth 乐意做某事 16.try one's best (to do sth):尽力(做某事) 6.hope to do sth:希望做某事Unit6 Im going to study computer science. 本单元的话题:谈论自己将来的计划或打算。

X|k | B| 1 . c|O 本单元的语法:学习一般将来时 be going to do sth。

|m

本单元的短语和知识点: 1.词性转换:science (名词,科学)—scientist(名词,科学家) violin(名词,小提琴)--violinst(名词,小提琴家)piano(名词,钢琴)-- pianist (名词,钢琴家)2.grow up 成长,长大 3.be good at+名词\代词\动词+ing:擅长„ Heis good at math,but he isn’t good at speaking English.他擅长数学,但是不擅长说 英语。

4.keep on doing sth: 继续做某事 5.be sure about:确信,对„有把握His mother isn’t sure about his study.他的妈妈对他的学习没有把握。

6. move to +地点:搬(家)到某地 表演课=have singing\acting lessons 某物 His grandfather often sends him money。

= His grandfather often sends money to him. 9. learn to do sth 学会做某事 X kB1 .co m7. take singing\acting lessons 上歌唱课\上 8. send sb sth = send sth to sb 寄\送给某人10. play the piano 弹钢琴 make the soccer team 组建足球队 get good grades 取得 好的成绩 eat healthier food 吃更健康的食品 11. foreign language 外国语言 时间 14. get back from+地点:从„回来 He will get back from Beijing in 3 days. get lots of exercise 进行大量锻炼12. study hard 努力学习 most of the time 大多数at the beginning of 在„开始的时候, write down 写下/记下, 17. different kinds of 不同种类的 have to do with 关于,与„有关系,take up 开始 从事 20. too+形容词+to do sth:太„以至于不能„ so+形容词+that+句子:如此„以至于„ 形容词+enough to do sth:足够„能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互相转换) He is so young that he can′t go to school.他如此年轻以至于不能去上学。

= He is too young to go to school.他太年轻了以至于不能去上学。

= He isn′t old enough to go to school. 22.make sb+形容词:让某人怎么样 The good news made us happy.(注意:news 为不可 数名词) 23.how to do better at school 为“疑问词+不定式”即“疑问词+to do sth”

He didn’t know when to start.他不知道什么时候开始。

24.go to university 去上大 学Unit 7 Will people have robots? 本单元的话题:谈论对未来的语言,学习一般将来时 will do sth。

X|k | B| 1 . c|O 本单元的语法:学习一般将来时 will do sth。

一般将来时由“助动词 will / shall + 动词原型”构成,表示将来某个时间要发生的动作 或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时间状语如 tomorrow、next week,in 2 days(2 天之后) 等连用。

(Shall 用于第一人称,will 可以用于各种人称。

) (will not= won’t) |m一般疑问句:把肯定句中的 will 提到句首即可。

以上两句的一般疑问句为: Will you visit the old man next week? Yes,we will.\No, we won’t . 否定句:把肯定句中的 will 变为 won’t 即可。

以上两句的否定句为: We won’t visit the old man next week. She won’t finish the work in 2 weeks. 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.There be 结构:There be(is/are/was/were)+某物/某人+某地/某时 “There be 结构”的一般现在时:There is/are+某物/某人+某地/某时 There are 600 students in our school.在我们学校有 600 个学生。

一般过去时:There was/were+某物/某人+某地/某时 There was a school ten years ago.一般将来时:There will be+某物/某人+某地/某时.= There is going to be+某物/某人 +某地/某时. There will be a sport meeting next week.=There is going to be a sport meeting next weeek.下周将有场运动会。

X k B1 .co m2.on computers 在电脑上, on paper 在纸上3.a few +可数名词复数:有一些、有几个 一些 few +可数名词复数:几乎没有(表示否定) 乎没有(表示否定) many+可数名词复数:很多,许多 much+不可数名词:很多,许多a little +不可数名词:有little+不可数名词:几few 的比较级是 fewer ,little 的比较级是 less many\much 的比较级都是 moreThere will be less polution in the future.在未来将会有更少的污染。

(polution 为不可 数名词)

We should plant more trees.我们应该种更多的树。

(tree 为可数名词) There will be fewer cars in the future.在未来将会有更少的汽车。

(car 为可数名词) 4.in(great)danger 在(极度)危险中 on the earth 在地球上 save the earth 拯救地球 6.in+一段时间:在„之后(多用于一般将来时) He will come back in 2 days.两天之后他将回来。

→How soon will he come back?多久他将 回来? 句型 There is\are sb doing sth.有某人正在做某事。

There is a cat eating fish. 10. hundreds of+名词:成百上千的„,许多„(表示模糊数字) 数字+ hundred +名词:几百„(表示具体数字) He has hundreds of book.他有很多书。

He bought two hundred books.他买了二百本书。

12.at some point: 在某些方面 闲时间 free time 空闲时间 in one’s free time 在某人空Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake? 本单元的话题:描述做事情的顺序和过程。

(First 首先,Next 下面,Then 然后,Finally 最后) 本单元的语法:复习一般现在时。

本单元的短语和知识点:新| 1(P57,1a) turn on 打开 turn off 关上 2.课 |标|第 |一| 网turn up 调大 turn down 调小How many+可数名词复数:多少„ How much+不可数名词:多少„He has eight books.他有八本书。

→How many books does he have?他有多少本书? 3. 量词的用法:不可数名词常用“数字+量词+不可数名词”来表示。

如: a piece of bread 一片面包 比较:two pieces of bread 两片面包(bread 为不可数名词) a glass of orange 一玻璃杯橘子汁 one spoon of butter 一勺黄油5.one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词:又多少某物 He ate an apple,he wanted to eat two more apples. to do sth 是某人该做某事的时间了。

It’s time for us to have7.It’s time (for sb) lunch.It’s time for sth 是该做某事的时间了。

It’s time for the class.是该上课的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party? 本单元的话题:学会发出、接受或拒绝邀请。

本单元的语法:复习情态动词。

本单元的短语和知识点: 1.on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午,在具体哪一天的是上午、下午或晚上用 on, 2. have to 必须(后跟动词原形)He has to get up early.他必须早起。

→(一般疑问 句)Does he get up early? Yes,he does.\No,he doesn’t.新| 课 |标|第 |一| 网(否定句)He doesn’t have to get up early.他没有必要早起。

4. Would like sth=want sth 想要某物 Jim would like a new pen . He’d like to watch TV.to do sth=want to do sth 想做某事Would you like to do sth ?你愿意做...?(用来提出建议或征求对方意见)------would you like to go shopping with me ? 你想和我一起去买东西吗? ------Yes,I’d love to ,but I’m doing my homework.我想去,但是我现在正在做家庭 作业。

(=Sorry, I’m doing my homework.非常抱歉,我正在做家庭作业。

) 5.prepare for sth 为„做准备 parents 给父母帮忙 go to the doctor 去看病 have the flu 患流感 help myhave an exam 考试6. until 的用法:<1>若动词为延续性动词则用肯定句式 He studied until 21:00pm.他一直学习到晚上九点。

wW w .x K b 1.c o M<2>若动词为非延续性动词,则用 not„.until„.(直到。

才。

) He didn’t go to bed until his father came back.他一直到他爸爸回来才上床睡觉。

10.study for a math test 为数学考试做准备 go to the party 参加聚会 11.What’s today?今天几号?Its Monday,the 14 .今天星期一,十四号。

补充:what day is it today?今天星期几? it’s Monday 今天星期一。

th thWhat’s the date today?今天几月几日?It’s October 20 12.go to the doctor 去看病 have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 13.look after 照看,照料 = take care of.今天 10 月 20 日。

She is old to look after his brother 她足够大了能够照看她的弟弟。

take good care of =look after„well 好好照顾,好好照料 We should take good care of the children.= We should look after the children well.

感叹句的类型: ⑴ What a∕an+adj+可数名词单数 (+主语+谓语) !课 标 第 一 网What +adj+可数名词复数∕不可数名词 (+主语+谓语) !新 What afine day (it is) !多么好的天啊! (day 为可数名词单数)What an interesting book it is !多么有趣的一本书啊! (book 为可数名词单数) What beautiful flowers they are !多么漂亮的花啊! (flowers 为可数名词复数) What bad weather it is!多么糟糕的天气啊! (weather 为不可数名词) ⑵ How +adj +主语+(谓语中的)系动词! How +adv +主语+(谓语中的)实义动词!How happy I am!我多麽高兴啊! (happy 为 adj,am 为系动词) How hard they are working !他们工作多么努力啊! (hard 为 adv,work 为实义动词) 点拨:陈述句改为感叹句,可以采用“一判、二定、三移” 。

一判:是判断出陈述句谓语动词后的中心词的词性(adj∕adv∕n) ; 二定:是根据判断出来的结果来确定引导词(中心词为名词用 What;中心词为形容词或副 词用 How; ) 三移:就是把主语和谓语移到后面。

注意:在感叹句中,不得出现 so,very,very much 等表示程度的单词。

例如:①Our school is beautiful . 一判: beautiful 为形容词; 二定: beautiful 为形容词, 用 How 来引导; 三移: 把 Our school is 移到 How beautiful 后面,即为感叹句 How beautiful our school is! ②He is a clever boy. 一判:boy 为名词;二定:boy 为名词,用 What 来引导;三移:把 He is 移到 What a clever boy 后面,即为感叹句 What a clever boy he is! ③He studies English well. 一判: well 为副词; 二定: well 为副词, 用 How 来引导; 三移: 把 He studies 移到 How well 后面,即为感叹句 How well he studies!新 课 标 第 一 网练习:将下列句子变为感叹句。

①The room is very bright. ② We live a happy life today. ④This is difficult problem. ③It is a nice present. ⑤She played the piano wonderfully. 17.thanks for+名词\V•ing:16.)the (best) way to do sth:做某事的(最好)方法 为什么而感谢18.take a trip 参加郊游,at the end of this month 在本月底

19.go back to+地点:回到某地 He will go back to Beijing in 2 days.两天后他将回北 京。

20.have a surprise party for sb 为某人举办一个惊喜的晚会 21.without+名词\代词\ V•ing:没有„ 为名词) He went to school without having breakfast.他没有吃早饭就去上学。

(have 为动词) 24.look forward to +名词\代词\V.ing:期待,盼望 25.hear from sb.收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb. 27.the opening of„ :开幕/开业 28.在具体哪一天的上午、下午、晚上用 on,比较: in the morning 在早晨 on Sunday morning 在星期天的早晨 29.invite sb to + He can’t finish the work without our help.(help地点:邀请某人去某地(invite -- invitation ) invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某 事 31.reply to sth / sb:回答某事/回答某人 庭作业 Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time! 本单元的话题:谈论事情可能的结果。

go shopping 购物,do homework 做家本单元的语法:在条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来——即主将从现。

If you go to the party, 从句(一般现在时) we will have a great time (主句一般将来时)解释:在条件状语从句,时间状语从句中,若主句用一般将来时,从句则用一般现在时表示 将来-------简称主将从现 If it is fine tomorrow,I’ll visit shanghai新 课 标 第 一 网区分:宾语从句若主句为一般现在时,从句可以根据需要用任何时态 I think I”ll finish the work in 2 days. 我认为我在两天内将完成这项工作。

主句(一般现在时) 宾语从句 填空:I think she (come)here tomorrow. If he 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.have a great /good time 玩的开心 go to the party 参加晚会 have a class party 开班级晚会 stay at home 呆在家里 take the bus 乘公交车, talk about sth 谈论某事 (come )here,I (call)you.tomorrow night 明天晚上have a class meeting 开班会

6.plan to do sth 计划做某 They are plann ing to go shopping.他们正在计划购物。

. . (P74,2b)half the class 全班一半人,make some food 做食物 8.ask sb. to do sth 请某人做某事 My parents often ask me to study hard. ask sb. not to do sth 请某人不要做某事7.My techer often asks us not to be late.10.too+形容词+to do sth:太„以至于不能„ so+形容词+that+句子:如此„以至于„ 形容词+enough to do sth:足够„能够做某事(注意三个句型常常可以互换转换) He is so young that he can′t go to school.他如此年轻以至于不能去上学。

= He is too young to go to school.他太年轻了以至于不能去上学。

= He isn′t old enough to go to school. 11.tell sb. to do sth 高速某人做某事 tell sb. not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事 12.give sb some advice 给某人建议/劝告 (adivce 为不可数名词) 13.travel around the world 周游世界, go to college 上大学, make(a lot of)money 挣钱, get an education 接受教育 ,http://w w w.xkb1. co m 14.)work hard 努力工作,a soccer player 一个足球运动员 15.talk to sb.与某人谈话,keep„to oneself 把„留给自己/独处 16.have problems with sth:在某方面有困难 方面有困难 (2 个句型常常可以互换) have problems (in)doing sth:做She has problems with English.她在学习英语方面有困难。

= She has problems (in) learning English.她学习英语有困难。

17.unless=if„not 如果„不 Unless it is sunny tomorrow,I won’t go shopping.=Ifit isn’t sunny tomorrow,I won’t go shopping. 18.be afraid to do sth:不敢做某事 be afraid of sth:害怕某物 19.21.be angry with sb 生某人的气 He is angry with his son.他在生他儿子的气。

be angry about\at sth 因某事而生气 He is angry about\at his work.他因为工作生气。

22.make mistakes 犯错误 23.remember to do sth 记着去做某事(事情还未做)remember doing sth 记着已经做过某事(事情做完,但是还记着) Please remember to close the door when you leave.当你离开的时候记着关上门。

(门还 未关). He remembered closing the door.他记着已经关上门了。

(门已经关上)X|k | B| 1 . c|O

|m 24.advise sb to do sth 劝说某人做某事 advise sb doing 建议提议做某事。

solve a problem 解决难题25.It’s best (not)to do sth. 最好(不要)做某事26.run away from 逃避 Don’t run away from your problems. solve a problem 解决难 题 30.agree with sb:同意某人(的看法、意见、观点等)31.worry about 担心 =be worried about 新课 标第 一 网

 
 

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