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特殊句式之——倒装

2018-08-08 02:37:58

倒装和强调句特殊句式.ppt
倒装和强调句特殊句式.ppt特殊句式之——倒装

特殊句式之——(1)倒装句一、完整倒装: 谓语部分完整放在主语之前 用法 例句 There/here 扫尾的 谓语动词平常为表移动的 Vi: There came an old man. 叙说句 come、 go, be 以显示状况的 v: Here comes the bus. stand/live/lie Here you are.(名倒代不倒) Such 扫尾 Such+be+主语 Such are the facts. 副词 表时刻/顺序: Now comes your turn. Then came a new difficulty. 表地点:away,down,off,in, Hearing the dog barking out, over fiercely, away fled the thief. 表时刻、地点介词 Through the window came out the sweet music. 短语 练习: 1. For a moment nothing happened. Then___all shouting together. A. voices had come B.came voices B. C.voices would come D.did voices come 2. Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away___. A. fleeing the thief B.was fleeing the thief B. the thief was fleeing D.fled the thief 二、部分倒装 只把 be 动词、助动词、神态动词提到主语前,叫部分倒装。

用法 例句 否 定 倒 句 首 否 定 词 : Seldom does he read in his free times. 装 never/nor/not/ seldom/rarely/ hardly/few/ little 句首否认短语 at no time/ I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. under/in no circumstances/ But by no means is the teacher satisfied. in no case/ in no way/ on no condition/ by no means/ 固定句式: neither...nor... Not only can he speak English, but also he (左右都倒) can speak French. Not only(倒)...but also (不倒) 句 首 副词: Only later did we realize the meaning of this Only+ article. 介词短语: Only by shouting was he able to make himself heard. 状语从句: Only when I left my parents did I realize1

how much I loved them. 主 倒 从 not until (不倒) ... 主句 Not until I finished my homework did I go to 不倒 (倒) bed. No sooner(倒)...than... No sooner had I got to the station than the Hardly...when... train left. So+adj./adv(倒)....that... So absorbed was she in her work that she Such+(a/an+)adj.+n... didn’t realize I was behind her. that... Such an interesting book does she have that we all want to read it. 频 度 状 Many a times, always... Often have I warned him not to go 语扫尾 swimming alone. ...也/ So+be/have/ 助 动 词 / 情 态 He likes speaking English, so do I. 也不... 动词+主语 Neither ( nor ) +be/have/ He doesn’t like living in the city, neither/nor 助动词/神态动词+主语 does his wife. 留意:so+sb/sth.+助动词 某人、某物真实如此 Eg. Helen likes music,so she does. 练习: 1.Only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent___ properly in this hospital. A. can be the patients treated B.can the patients be treated C. the patients can be treated D.treated can be the patients 2.Not once___ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class. A.occurred it B.it did occur C.it occurred D.did it occur 3.——I reminded you not to forget the appointment. ——____. A. So you did B. So I do not C.So did you D.So do I 三、方式倒装(强调作用) 将强调内容提早,主谓不倒装 用法 例句 慨叹句 What an interesting movie I have watched. The+比拟级,the+比拟级 The harder you study, the greater progress you will make. Whatever/however 引导的 However difficult the problem may be, we must work it 妥协状语从句 out this evening. as/though 引导的妥协状 Child as/though he is, he knows a lot.(双数名词作表 语从句) 语,该双数名词前不再加冠词 Try as he might, he could not find a job. Change your mind as/though you do, you will get no help from us.(行径动词前置时,从句主语前面要用 may/might/can/could/will/would 等神态动词,若没有 则需加助动词 do/did/does)2

练习: ____,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 四、倒装句综合练习题: 1.(2014 陕西)No sooner___stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause. A. had Mo Yan B.Mo Yan had C.has Mo Yan D.Mo Yan has2.(2016 天津十二区县二联)So buried___ in doing her homework that she didn’t notice it got dark outside. A. was she B. she was C.did she D.she did3.(2015 天津十二区县一联)Only when our project has been approved of by the committee ____to carry it out. A. did we start B.we started C.can we start D.we start4.(2015 天津七校四月联考)Not until I had watched the football match between Brazil and Germany_____ to bed last night. A. I went B.I had gone C.did I gone D.had I gone5.(2015 天津南开中学高三五测)Little ____ about her own safety, thought she was in great danger herself. A. did Marry care B.Mary did care C.Mary does care D.does Mary care6.(2015 陕西质检二)It is all your fault. By no means____ left alone at home. A. should a two-year-old be C.should be a two-year-old B. a two-year-old should be D.be a two-year-old should7.(2016 江苏苏锡常镇二模)____on mobile phones for storing information that people are unable to remember basic things. A. Such is the dependence C.So they are dependent B.Such dependence does D.So do they depend8. (2015 天津红桥区一模) It is known that water is not an endless resource;_____can it be made once more, so we should save and protect it.3

A. soB.asC.thusD.nor9.(2016 天津高考压轴卷)Into the dark apartment_____,who was quite surprised when everyone shouted “Happy birthday!” A. did David walk B.David did walk C.David walked D.walked David10.(2014 重庆市重庆一中高三下学期第一次月考,29) — Are the rest of our guests here? —Not yet…. Look, there _____! A. come they B. they came C. do they come D. they come11. ( 2014 吉林省试验中学高三第一次模拟, 29 ) ______ you eat the correct food ____ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Unless; will you C. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will D. Unless; you will12. (河南省中原名校 2013 届高三上学期期中联考, 34) It's too messy in your room. Look, by the bed ____ a pile of dirty clothes. A. are lied B. lay C. are lying D. lies13.(2015 天津,3)Only when Lily walked into the office______that she had left the contract at home. A.she realized B.has she realized C.she has realized D.did she realize14.(2012 天津, 6) Only after Mary read her composition the second time_____ the spelling mistake. A. did she notice B. she noticed C. does she notice D. she has noticed15.(2017 战争区高三年级模拟考试)I’m sorry.____for my illness, I would have come and lent you a helping hand. Were it not B. If it were not C.Had it not been D.If it has not been16.(2017 十二区县高三年级模拟考试)Nowadays many teenagers often take their parents’ love for granted. Seldom____what they should return them when they are old. A.do they think B.they think C.think they D.did they17.(11 福建)—It’s nice. Never before ____such a special drink! —I’m glad you like it.4

A. I have hadB. I hadC. have I hadD. had I18. (10 江西)Not until he left his home was for him. A. did he begin B. had he begunto know how important the familyC. he beganD. he has begun19. (10 四川)We laugh at jokes, but seldom A. we think B. think we C. we do thinkabout how they work. D. do we think20. (09 重庆)Unsatisfied some work experience. A. though was he B. though he waswith the payment, he took the job just to getC. he was thoughD. was he though5