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江苏高考考试说明新增50词整理汇编讲解

2018-08-08 02:32:10

2015年北京高考数学考试说明解读
2015年北京高考数学考试说明解读江苏高考考试说明新增50词整理汇编讲解

2017 届江苏高考考试阐明新增 50 词整理汇编讲解1. anticipate [æn'tɪsɪpeɪt] vt. 预期,预测 他们估测会有几团体来应征这份任务。

[+ -ing verb] They anticipakte having several applicants for the job. [+ that] They anticipate that they will have several applicants for the job 2 assure [əˈʃʊə,əˈʃɔ] vt. 向……保证;使……确信 我确信他格外老实。

能够说:I am assured of his honesty. /I am assured that he is honest. 但不可说:I assure his honesty. /I assure that he is honest. 他的任务确保给他带来一定程度的美好感。

3. cease [siːs] vt. vi. 中止 At one o'clock the rain had ceased. 一点钟时雨曾经停了。

cease doing 和 cease to do(中止做……)略有差异。

只好一次的举措通常用动名词。

例如:When he heard the knock, he ceased writing. 常常性的举措通常用不定式。

例如:He never ceases to amaze me. 他总让我惊喜时常。

4. commodity [kə'mɒdɪtɪ] n. 商品,物资;日用品 [ 双数 commodities ] Prices went up on several basic commodities like bread and meat. 面包、肉等几种差不多商品的价钞票下跌了。

commodity economy 商品经济 commodity price 商品价钞票 5. compile [kəm'paɪl] vt. 搜集;编辑,编制 It takes years of hard work to compile a good dictionary. 编辑一部好词典需求数年的困难任务。

6. comprehensive [ˌkɒmprɪˈhensɪv] adj. 周全的;综合的;应有尽有的;详细的 We offer you a comprehensive training in all aspects of the business. 我们向你提供那个行业各方面的综合培训。

7. consent [kən'sent] vi. 赞同;赞成;允许 n. 赞同,(意见等的)分歧;赞成 I'm sure she wouldn't consent. 我敢一定她不或许允许的。

He consented to make a few alteration. 他赞同作一些改动。

At approximately 11:30 p.m., Pollard finally gave his consent to the search. 大约早晨 11:30 的时辰,波拉德总算对搜寻予以赞同。

8. contrast ['kɒntrɑːst] n. 对照,对照 His white hair was in sharp contrast to(with) his dark skin. 他的白发与他的黑皮肤构成鲜亮的对照。

In contrast with(to) your belief that we shall fail,I know we shall succeed. 你感觉我们将失败,恰好相反,我了解我们将会成功。

9. core [kɔː] n. 中心;要点;果核 We already have our core team in place. 我们的中心队列曾经就位。

10. criterion [kraɪ'tɪə.ri.ən] n.(推断、决策的)尺度,准绳 [ 双数:criteria ] the criteria for measuring how good schools are 权衡学校好坏的尺度1

Academic ability is not the only criterion for admission to the college. 学术才干不是大学招生的唯独尺度。

11. crucial ['kru:.ʃəl] adj. 至关严重的;要紧的;决策性的 a crucial decision/question 至关严重的决策/成绩 Her work has been crucial to the project's success. 她的任务关于那个专案的成功至关严重。

It is crucial that the problem should be tackled immediately. 要紧是要立即着手处置这一成绩。

12. crush [krʌʃ] v. & n. 压碎,压坏,压扁 His leg was crushed in the accident. 他的腿在事故中被压断了。

Two people were crushed to death in the rush to escape.在匆忙逃跑中有两团体被压死。

13. curse [kɜːs] v. & n. 诅咒;骂 curse sb / sth for (doing) sth Elsa cursed herself for believing his lies. 埃尔莎骂自己信任了他的谎话。

14. deduce [dɪ'djuːs] vt. 推论,推断;归纳出 Alison cleverly deduced that I was the author of the letter.艾莉森聪明地推断出我是这封信的作者。

The date of the document can be deduced from references to the Civil War. 该文件的日期能够从其对内战的提及处推算出来。

15. despair [dɪ'speər] n. 有望 a mood/sense of despair 有望的思绪/觉得 They're in (the depths of) despair over/about the money they've lost. 他们对找回丧失的钞票曾经不抱(任何)希冀了。

To her teacher's despair, Nicole never does the work that she's told to do. 妮歌从不做功课,这让她的教员感到异常绝望。

16. devil ['dev(ə)l] n. n. 魔鬼;撒旦;家伙;恶棍;顽皮鬼;冒失鬼 17. differentiate [ˌdɪfə'rentʃieɪt] v. 区分;差异对待 We must differentiate between right and wrong. 我们务必分清是非。

We do not differentiate between our workers on the basis of their background or ethnic origin. 我们 不或许因工人的背景或种族不同而差异对待。

18. drama ['drɑ:.mə] n. 戏剧 19. earnest ['ɜ:.nɪst] adj. 仔细的;有决计的;郑重其事的;诚挚的 He was a very earnest young man. 他是个异常仔细的年轻人。

in earnest 用作描画词短语或状语短语都能够,如: He is in earnest. /He asked the question in earnest. 20. equate [ɪ'kweɪt] vt. 将……同等于;同等对待(或对待、显示),相提并论 equate wealth with happiness 把美好与财宝同等对待 equate growing prosperity with the physical health of a nation 把停顿的兴盛与一个民族的身子安康同等起来 21. estate [ɪ'steɪt] n. 财宝 22..ethnic ['eθ.nɪk] adj. 民族的;种族的 23. evolve [ɪ'vɒlv] v.(使)逐渐停顿;(使)逐渐演化;(使)退化 The idea evolved from a drawing I discovered in the attic.2

这种办法是从我在阁楼里发现的一幅画失掉启示的。

24. exceed [ɪk'si:d] v. 超越,超出(数量);跨越(规章的范围) The final cost should not exceed $5000. 最终来的破费不应超出 5000 美元。

25. exclude [ɪk'sklu:d] vt. 阻挠……进入;把……排斥在外 exclude…from… Women are still excluded from the club. 这间俱乐部照旧不让女性进入。

26. exploit [ɪk'splɒɪt] vt. 开垦,开采;应用 exploit the oil under the sea 开垦海底石油 We must exploit every opportunity to learn new things. 我们务必应用一切时机学习新事物。

27. formula ['fɔːmjʊlə] 惯例;(婴儿食物等的)配方;处方;公式;方程式 28. foundation [faʊnˈdeɪʃ(ə)n] n. 差不多原理;依照;基础 lay a solid foundation for… Respect and friendship provide a solid foundation for marriage. 敬重和伴侣关系是婚姻的坚实基础。

29. gender n. 性别 30. grace n. 庸俗 31. grant [grɑːnt] vt. 授予;赞同;供认 vi. 赞同 He requested that the Premier grant him an interview. 他要求总理准许给他一次会面的时机 take sth. for granted / take it for granted that …感觉某事理所应该;想固然 I was amazed that virtually all the things I took for granted up north just didn't happen in Savannah. 令 我感到惊讶的是,我在南方视为理所应该的一切事物,在南美大草原上几乎都没有发作。

32. guideline n. 指点方针 33. imitate ['ɪmɪteɪt] vt. 模拟;仿效 Some of the younger pop bands try to imitate their musical heroes from the past. 一些较年轻的流行乐队努力模拟心目中从前的音乐巨星。

34. induce [ɪn'dju:s] vt. 诱导;诱惑 [T + obj + to infinitive] 诱使;劝说 They induced her to take the job by promising editorial freedom. 他们向她保证有编辑自在,以劝服她接纳这项任务。

Nothing could induce me (= I definitely cannot be persuaded) to climb a mountain / ride a bike. 没有甚么能诱使我去爬山/骑脚踏车的。

35. innovate ['ɪnəveɪt] vi.改造,创新 innovate in/on techniques 在工艺上创新 We must innovate in order to make progress. 我们务必改造以便赢得先进。

36. insight ['ɪnsaɪt] n. 洞悉力,洞悉;深化了解,深远见地 gain (an) insight into 看透,识破,了解 The article gives us a real insight into the causes of the present economic crisis. 这篇文章分析了目前经济危机的缘由,振聋发聩。

The research provides new insights into the way we process language. 该追求对我们处置言语的方式提出了新的见地。

37. interact [intər'ækt] vt. 相互妨碍;相互作用[+ with ] Lucy interacts well with other children in the class. 露西和班里的其他小孩相处得格外好。

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38. interfere [ɪntəˈfɪə] v.干涉,干涉interfere with “打搅”或“妨碍”。

例如:You must not interfere with him/his work. interfere in “干涉”。

例如:You must not interfere in what does not concern you. 39. intermediate [ˌɪntə(r)ˈmiːdiət] 之间的,中间的 an intermediate stage / step in a process 中间时期/步骤 40. journal [ˈdʒəːn(ə)l] n. 日报,杂志;日志 41. logic [ˈlɒdʒɪk] n. 法规;法规学;法规性 adj. 法规的 42. manual [ˈmanjʊ(ə)l] adj. 用手做的;靠劳力的;手工操作的 manual work 手工 43. overseas adj. & adv. adj. 本国的;海外的 adv. 在国外;在海外 44. proportion overseas students / visitors 本国留先生/游客 live / work / go overseas 在国外生活/任务;出国[prəˈpɔːʃ(ə)n] n. 部分;比例Women's bodies tend to have a higher proportion of fat to water. 女性体内往往有更高的脂肪与水的比值。

当 proportion 作“部分”(part)解时,a(the) proportion of 用作主语,其谓语动词的数决策于 所修饰名词的数。

例如: A large proportion of my time is spent in studying. 我的大部分时刻都用在学习上。

A large proportion of students are workers and peasants. 大部分先生是工人和农民。

当 proportion 作“比率”、“之比”解时,其谓语动词永久用双数。

例如: The proportion of boys to girls in our class is three to one. 我们班上的男生与女生之比是三比一。

45. ratio ['reɪʃɪəʊ] n. 比率,比例 at the ratio of…to… 按…与…的比率 46. reluctant [rɪˈlʌkt(ə)nt] adj. 不愿意的 I was reluctant to pay what they demanded. 我不愿意付他们要求的钞票。

47. sauce [sɔːs] n. 调味汁 v. 翻阅 48. thumb [θʌm] n. 拇指 thumb through a bookbe all thumbs 笨手笨脚;愚笨;手指不灵敏 翻阅一本书 49. undergo [ʌndəˈgəʊ] vt. 经受;忍耐 undergo a change / transformation 阅历改变/转变 undergo an operation 接纳治疗/手术 undergo tests 接纳检验 50. vision ['vɪʒ(ə)n] n. 视力;美景;视力;幻象,憧憬 vt. 想象;显现;梦见 That's my vision of how the world could be. 那一定是我对那个世界未来的憧憬。

He tried to vision himself in a past century. 他假想自己身处百年之前。

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