江苏高考考试说明新增50词整理汇编讲解

 时间:2018-08-08 23:16:37 贡献者:赵存安1

导读:2017 届江苏高考考试说明新增 50 词整理汇编讲解1. anticipate [æn'tɪsɪpeɪt] vt. 预期,预料 他们预计会有几个人来应征这份工作。 [+ -ing verb] They anticipakte having several applicants for the job. [+ that] They

2018春 金考卷系列 2018江苏省高考 考试说明调研卷猜题卷语文 考试
2018春 金考卷系列 2018江苏省高考 考试说明调研卷猜题卷语文 考试

2017 届江苏高考考试说明新增 50 词整理汇编讲解1. anticipate [æn'tɪsɪpeɪt] vt. 预期,预料 他们预计会有几个人来应征这份工作。

[+ -ing verb] They anticipakte having several applicants for the job. [+ that] They anticipate that they will have several applicants for the job 2 assure [əˈʃʊə,əˈʃɔ] vt. 向……保证;使……确信 我确信他很诚实。

可以说:I am assured of his honesty. /I am assured that he is honest. 但不可说:I assure his honesty. /I assure that he is honest. 他的工作确保给他带来一定程度的幸福感。

3. cease [siːs] vt. vi. 停止 At one o'clock the rain had ceased. 一点钟时雨已经停了。

cease doing 和 cease to do(停止做……)略有区别。

只有一次的动作通常用动名词。

例如:When he heard the knock, he ceased writing. 经常性的动作通常用不定式。

例如:He never ceases to amaze me. 他总让我惊喜不断。

4. commodity [kə'mɒdɪtɪ] n. 商品,货物;日用品 [ 复数 commodities ] Prices went up on several basic commodities like bread and meat. 面包、肉等几种基本商品的价格上涨了。

commodity economy 商品经济 commodity price 商品价格 5. compile [kəm'paɪl] vt. 收集;编辑,编制 It takes years of hard work to compile a good dictionary. 编辑一部好词典需要数年的艰苦工作。

6. comprehensive [ˌkɒmprɪˈhensɪv] adj. 全面的;综合的;包罗万象的;详尽的 We offer you a comprehensive training in all aspects of the business. 我们向你提供这个行业各方面的综合培训。

7. consent [kən'sent] vi. 同意;赞成;答应 n. 同意,(意见等的)一致;赞成 I'm sure she wouldn't consent. 我敢肯定她不会答应的。

He consented to make a few alteration. 他同意作一些改动。

At approximately 11:30 p.m., Pollard finally gave his consent to the search. 大约晚上 11:30 的时候,波拉德终于对搜查予以同意。

8. contrast ['kɒntrɑːst] n. 对比,对照 His white hair was in sharp contrast to(with) his dark skin. 他的白发与他的黑皮肤形成鲜明的对照。

In contrast with(to) your belief that we shall fail,I know we shall succeed. 你认为我们将失败,恰恰相反,我知道我们将会成功。

9. core [kɔː] n. 核心;要点;果核 We already have our core team in place. 我们的核心队伍已经就位。

10. criterion [kraɪ'tɪə.ri.ən] n.(判断、决定的)标准,准则 [ 复数:criteria ] the criteria for measuring how good schools are 衡量学校好坏的标准1

Academic ability is not the only criterion for admission to the college. 学术能力不是大学招生的唯一标准。

11. crucial ['kru:.ʃəl] adj. 至关重要的;关键的;决定性的 a crucial decision/question 至关重要的决定/问题 Her work has been crucial to the project's success. 她的工作对于这个专案的成功至关重要。

It is crucial that the problem should be tackled immediately. 关键是要马上着手处理这一问题。

12. crush [krʌʃ] v. & n. 压碎,压坏,压扁 His leg was crushed in the accident. 他的腿在事故中被压断了。

Two people were crushed to death in the rush to escape.在匆忙逃跑中有两个人被压死。

13. curse [kɜːs] v. & n. 诅咒;骂 curse sb / sth for (doing) sth Elsa cursed herself for believing his lies. 埃尔莎骂自己相信了他的谎言。

14. deduce [dɪ'djuːs] vt. 推论,推断;演绎出 Alison cleverly deduced that I was the author of the letter.艾莉森聪明地推断出我是这封信的作者。

The date of the document can be deduced from references to the Civil War. 该文件的日期可以从其对内战的提及处推算出来。

15. despair [dɪ'speər] n. 绝望 a mood/sense of despair 绝望的情绪/感觉 They're in (the depths of) despair over/about the money they've lost. 他们对找回丢失的钱已经不抱(任何)希望了。

To her teacher's despair, Nicole never does the work that she's told to do. 妮歌从不做功课,这让她的老师感到非常失望。

16. devil ['dev(ə)l] n. n. 魔鬼;撒旦;家伙;恶棍;淘气鬼;冒失鬼 17. differentiate [ˌdɪfə'rentʃieɪt] v. 区分;区别对待 We must differentiate between right and wrong. 我们必须分清是非。

We do not differentiate between our workers on the basis of their background or ethnic origin. 我们 不会因工人的背景或种族不同而区别对待。

18. drama ['drɑ:.mə] n. 戏剧 19. earnest ['ɜ:.nɪst] adj. 认真的;有决心的;郑重其事的;诚挚的 He was a very earnest young man. 他是个非常认真的年轻人。

in earnest 用作形容词短语或状语短语都可以,如: He is in earnest. /He asked the question in earnest. 20. equate [ɪ'kweɪt] vt. 将……等同于;同等对待(或看待、表示),相提并论 equate wealth with happiness 把幸福与财富同等看待 equate growing prosperity with the physical health of a nation 把发展的繁荣与一个民族的身体健康等同起来 21. estate [ɪ'steɪt] n. 财产 22..ethnic ['eθ.nɪk] adj. 民族的;种族的 23. evolve [ɪ'vɒlv] v.(使)逐步发展;(使)逐步演变;(使)进化 The idea evolved from a drawing I discovered in the attic.2

这种想法是从我在阁楼里发现的一幅画得到启发的。

24. exceed [ɪk'si:d] v. 超过,超出(数量);超越(规定的范围) The final cost should not exceed $5000. 最终的费用不应超出 5000 美元。

25. exclude [ɪk'sklu:d] vt. 阻止……进入;把……排斥在外 exclude…from… Women are still excluded from the club. 这间俱乐部仍然不让女性进入。

26. exploit [ɪk'splɒɪt] vt. 开发,开采;利用 exploit the oil under the sea 开发海底石油 We must exploit every opportunity to learn new things. 我们必须利用一切机会学习新事物。

27. formula ['fɔːmjʊlə] 惯例;(婴儿食物等的)配方;处方;公式;方程式 28. foundation [faʊnˈdeɪʃ(ə)n] n. 基本原理;根据;基础 lay a solid foundation for… Respect and friendship provide a solid foundation for marriage. 尊重和伴侣关系是婚姻的牢固基础。

29. gender n. 性别 30. grace n. 优雅 31. grant [grɑːnt] vt. 授予;允许;承认 vi. 同意 He requested that the Premier grant him an interview. 他请求总理准许给他一次会面的机会 take sth. for granted / take it for granted that …认为某事理所当然;想当然 I was amazed that virtually all the things I took for granted up north just didn't happen in Savannah. 令 我感到惊讶的是,我在北方视为理所当然的一切事物,在南美大草原上几乎都没有发生。

32. guideline n. 指导方针 33. imitate ['ɪmɪteɪt] vt. 模仿;仿效 Some of the younger pop bands try to imitate their musical heroes from the past. 一些较年轻的流行乐队极力模仿心目中昔日的音乐巨星。

34. induce [ɪn'dju:s] vt. 诱导;引诱 [T + obj + to infinitive] 诱使;劝说 They induced her to take the job by promising editorial freedom. 他们向她保证有编辑自由,以劝服她接受这项工作。

Nothing could induce me (= I definitely cannot be persuaded) to climb a mountain / ride a bike. 没有甚么能诱使我去爬山/骑脚踏车的。

35. innovate ['ɪnəveɪt] vi.改革,创新 innovate in/on techniques 在工艺上创新 We must innovate in order to make progress. 我们必须改革以便取得进步。

36. insight ['ɪnsaɪt] n. 洞察力,洞悉;深入了解,深刻见解 gain (an) insight into 看透,识破,了解 The article gives us a real insight into the causes of the present economic crisis. 这篇文章分析了目前经济危机的原因,发人深省。

The research provides new insights into the way we process language. 该研究对我们处理语言的方式提出了新的看法。

37. interact [intər'ækt] vt. 互相影响;互相作用[+ with ] Lucy interacts well with other children in the class. 露西和班里的其他孩子相处得很好。

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38. interfere [ɪntəˈfɪə] v.干预,干涉interfere with “打扰”或“妨碍”。

例如:You must not interfere with him/his work. interfere in “干涉”。

例如:You must not interfere in what does not concern you. 39. intermediate [ˌɪntə(r)ˈmiːdiət] 之间的,中间的 an intermediate stage / step in a process 中间阶段/步骤 40. journal [ˈdʒəːn(ə)l] n. 日报,杂志;日记 41. logic [ˈlɒdʒɪk] n. 逻辑;逻辑学;逻辑性 adj. 逻辑的 42. manual [ˈmanjʊ(ə)l] adj. 用手做的;靠劳力的;手工操作的 manual work 手工 43. overseas adj. & adv. adj. 外国的;海外的 adv. 在国外;在海外 44. proportion overseas students / visitors 外国留学生/游客 live / work / go overseas 在国外生活/工作;出国[prəˈpɔːʃ(ə)n] n. 部分;比例Women's bodies tend to have a higher proportion of fat to water. 女性体内往往有更高的脂肪与水的比值。

当 proportion 作“部分”(part)解时,a(the) proportion of 用作主语,其谓语动词的数决定于 所修饰名词的数。

例如: A large proportion of my time is spent in studying. 我的大部分时间都用在学习上。

A large proportion of students are workers and peasants. 大部分学生是工人和农民。

当 proportion 作“比率”、“之比”解时,其谓语动词永远用单数。

例如: The proportion of boys to girls in our class is three to one. 我们班上的男生与女生之比是三比一。

45. ratio ['reɪʃɪəʊ] n. 比率,比例 at the ratio of…to… 按…与…的比率 46. reluctant [rɪˈlʌkt(ə)nt] adj. 不情愿的 I was reluctant to pay what they demanded. 我不情愿付他们要求的钱。

47. sauce [sɔːs] n. 调味汁 v. 翻阅 48. thumb [θʌm] n. 拇指 thumb through a bookbe all thumbs 笨手笨脚;笨拙;手指不灵活 翻阅一本书 49. undergo [ʌndəˈgəʊ] vt. 经受;忍受 undergo a change / transformation 经历变化/转变 undergo an operation 接受治疗/手术 undergo tests 接受检查 50. vision ['vɪʒ(ə)n] n. 视力;美景;眼力;幻象,憧憬 vt. 想象;显现;梦见 That's my vision of how the world could be. 那就是我对这个世界未来的憧憬。

He tried to vision himself in a past century. 他假想自己身处百年之前。

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