2015-2016新人教版初中英语八年级英语上册语法、短语和知识点总结归纳【名校资料】

 时间:2015-10-23 05:37:54 贡献者:赵军辉

导读:2015-2016 新人教版初中英语八年级英语上册语法、 短语和知识点总结归纳Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。 本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时

69 资料汇编 69 人教版八年级上册英语语法,短语和知识点总结
69 资料汇编 69 人教版八年级上册英语语法,短语和知识点总结

2015-2016 新人教版初中英语八年级英语上册语法、 短语和知识点总结归纳Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的用法。

2.不定代词和不定副词的用法: (1)左边的 some、any、every、no 与右边的 body、one、thing 构成不定代词,some、 any、every、no 与右边的疑问副词 where 构成不定副词;新|课 |标|第 |一| 网(2)一般情况下以 some 开头的不定代词和不定副词用于肯定句,以 any 开头的不定 代词和不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以 no 开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义 (no one 为两个单词) ; (3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

He has something important to do.他有重要的事情要做。

(肯定句用 something,形容词 important 放后) Did you buy anything special? (一般疑问句用 anything,形容词 special 放后) Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上个月你去令人感兴趣的地方了吗? (一般疑问句用不定副词 anywhere,形容词 interesting 放后) (4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。

Everone is here today.今 天每个人都在这里。

Xk B1 .co m本单元的短语和知识点: 1. go on vacation 去度假 go to the mountains 上山/进山 go to summer2.stay at home 呆在家 go to the beach 去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 camp 去参观夏令营 3. study for tests 为考试而学习\备考go out 出去4. quite a few 相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)take photos 照相 most of the time 大部 分时间 5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth 为某人买某物 6. taste good. 尝起来很好taste(尝起来) 、look(看起来) 、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词

7.have a good\great\fun time 过得高兴,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping 去 购物 9. nothing…but+动词原形:除了……之外什么都没有He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了读书无事可做。

10. seem to do sth:好像… I seem to know him.我好像认识他。

X kB1 .co mseem+(to be)+形容词:看起来…The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看起来很容易。

11.keep a diary 记日记 12. arrive in+大地方:达到某地 at+小地方:达到某地 (get to +地方:达到某地) (get 的过去式为 got)若是 arrive 和 get 后跟 home、there、here 三个地点副词,后面的介词 in\at\to 必须去掉。

Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚汤姆到家。

13.decide to do sth:决定做某事 14. try doing sth.尝试做某事 try to do sth.尽力去做某事 15. feel like 给…的感觉;感受到 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事 同的) 18.start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)新课 19.19.over an hour 一个多小时 标 第 一 网 16. in the past 在过去 walk around 四处走走difference(名词,差异,差别)---- different(形容词,不(over 超过,多余 = more than)20. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。

too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词 作状语。

much too 太,后跟形容词或副词 , 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头:much 后接不可数,too 后修饰形或副。

too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

21. because of 因为,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing) ,不能接句子。

because 因为,后跟句子。

He was late for school because of getting up late.他因为起晚而上学迟到。

(get 为动词) = He was late for school because he got up late. 22. enough(足够的)与名词连用,一般放在名词前 He has enough money . 23. enough(足够的)与形容词或副词连用,enough 放在后面。

He is old enough to go to school. 24. doing sth.忘记已经做过某事(已经做完)

Forgetto do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做)(forget 的过去式为 forgot)25. so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于… too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能… 形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互换) He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school. = He isn′t old enough to go to school. X K b 1. C omUnit 2 How often do you exercise? 本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

主要频率副词的等级排序: always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有时) > hardly ever(很少) > never(从不) 这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be 动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。

即:“行”前“助(系)”后。

Peter is always late for school. Peter 上学总是迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次 电视?) 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.on weekends 在周末 how often 多久一次 go to the movies 去看电影 help with housework 帮助做家务hardly ever 几乎从不 every day 每天 use the Internet 用互联网2.once a week 每周一次 twice a week 每周两次 be free 有空Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?4.stay up late 熬夜 at least 至少 go to bed early 早点睡觉 play sports 进行体育活动 5.after school 放学后 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

7.be good for 对……有好处 be bad for 对……有害处

8. play computer games 打电子游戏 事go camping 去野营9.ask sb about sth:问某人某My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

10. in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13, 2b)”数字 +percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。

若名词为复数,后面的动词 用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

wM W w .x K b 1.c oIn our class ,twenty of students are boys. 12.not…at all:一点儿也不Thirty of water is dirty. like the movie at all.(not 构成否定句)I don’t13.go online 上网=surf the Internet14.the answer to+名词:…的答案16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的(最好)方式 The best way to learn English is speaking English.学习英语的最好方法是说英语. 17.such as 比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 例如(后跟句子) He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes. 19.more than (=over)超过,多余 go to the dentist 去看牙医Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister. 本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。

(语法:见课本第 113 页至 115 页) 本单元的短语和知识点: 1.play+the +乐器 play the drums 打鼓 比较 play +球类 play basketball 打篮球both…and…两者都(后面的动词用复数形式)Both Tom and Jim are students.k B1 .co m3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好 X 7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 9.be different from 与…不同enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事 常与 help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换 He often helps me (to) learn English.

 
 

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